1.72‑81 Intrigues in Rome. Triumphal honors went to Aulus Caecina, Lucius Apronius & Caius Silius for their work under Germanicus. Tiberius refused the title of “Father of the Country” even though the Senate had approved it. He felt he was already in a precarious situation, it wouldn’t be good to
1.31‑54 Germanicus and the mutiny of the German legions. The legions in Germany began to mutiny even more that those in Pannonia, hoping that Germanicus Caesar wouldn’t be able to deal with another’s supremacy & surrender himself to the legions. There were 2 armies on the banks of the Rhine:
1.16‑30 Drusus and the mutiny of the Pannonian legions At this point, a mutiny broke out in Pannonia (a region near the Danube River). The legion under Junius Blaesus had been allowed time to mourn Augustus’s death. The men began to be demoralized, quarreled, & craved luxury & idleness. A
Tacitus – The Annals, Book 1: 14-15 A.D. 1.1‑15 Death and funeral of Augustus; accession of Tiberius Rome had been ruled by kings. Lucius Brutus established the consulship. There were periodic dictatorships due to crises. The decemvirs ruled for 2 years & the the consular military tribunes were short-lived.
Thomas Paine – African Slavery in America (1775) It’s more depressing than bizarre that some people would be willing to steal & enslave men by violence & murder for gain. Many civilized & Christian people approve this savage practice is contrary to nature, principles of justice & humanity, as well
Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 17 – Sixteenth Year of the War—The Melian Conference—Fate of Melos The next summer, Alcibiades sailed with 20 ships to Argos to take suspected people from the pro-Spartan oligarchs (300 of them). The Athenians also made an expedition against the
Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 16 – Feeling against Sparta in Peloponnese—League of the Mantineans, Eleans, Argives, and Athenians—Battle of Mantinea and breaking up of the League The alliance between Athens & Sparta was being disturbed by Corinth & cities in the Peloponnese, especially by
Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 15 – Tenth Year of the War—Death of Cleon and Brasidas—Peace of Nicias The truce lasted until after the Pythian Games. The Athenians expelled the Delians from Delos thinking they’d been polluted by an old offense – likely due to
Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 8 – Third Year of the War—Investment of Plataea—Naval Victories of Phormio—Thracian Irruption into Macedonia under Sitacles The next year, the Peloponnesians invaded Plataea instead of Attica. Archidamus camped the army in the area & was about to destroy the
Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 7 – Second Year of the War—The Plague of Athens—Position and Policy of Pericles—Fall of Potidaea The next summer, the Spartans & allies sent 2/3 of their forces to invade Attica under Archidamus. They laid waste to the countryside. Just
Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 6 – Beginning of the Peloponnesian War—First Invasion of Attica—Funeral Oration of Pericles The war began. All talking between the 2 sides happened through heralds. Hostilities began without intermission. The 30 year truce lasted 14 years. 6 months after the
Thucydides wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War. It’s a very long book going over the war between the Athens and its allies, & Sparta and its allies. It’s very detailed & some consider it the first really well written history book. Herodotus’s The Histories was obviously somewhat of a model for
Pausanias, betrayer of Greece Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 5 – Second Congress at Lacedaemon – Preparations for War and Diplomatic Skirmishes – Cylon – Pausanias – Themistocles A few years after this, the affairs of Corcyra & Potidaea served as a pretext for war.
Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 3 – Congress of the Peloponnesian Confederacy at Lacedaemon The Athenians & Peloponnesians had a lot of complaints against one another. Corinth complained her colony under siege by the Athenians. The Athenians complained that the Peloponnesians were inciting revolts in
Herodotus – The Histories, Book 9, “Calliopé” [114-122] – Foundation of the Athenian Empire The Greeks had left Mycale for the Hellespont but winds forced them to Lectum & then on to Hellespont. When they arrived, they found the bridge had already been destroyed. The Spartans wanted to go home