“Genesis” from the Old Testament of the Bible

“Genesis” from the Old Testament of the Bible

Chapter 1

  • Day 1:
    • God created heaven & earth. But the earth had no form & there was nothing but darkness.
    • God made light to break up the darkness. The light would be called day & the darkness would be called night.
  • Day 2:
    • He then made a sky/firmament to put a limit on the waters. The water would be below the surface. The sky would be above it.
    • The firmament would be called heaven. All the water below heaven would be put in one place to allow for land, which was to be called earth. The water would be called seas.
  • Day 3:
    • On the land was grass & a fruit tree were made. Each had seed to replicate itself on earth
    • The earth allowed these seeds to replicate themselves all over the place
  • Day 4:
    • The lights in the sky (stars) would help separate the day from night
      • The stars would be signs for the seasons, days & years to measure things out, time-wise
      • The greater light would be in the day & the lesser lights, the stars, would be at night.
  • Day 5:
    • The seas would have moving creatures in them – fish, whales, etc.
    • The skies would have flying creatures in them – birds
      • God told them to be fruitful & multiply
  • Day 6:
    • God made cattle, creeping things & beasts of the earth
    • He then made man in his own image & after his likeness
      • Man was to have dominion over the fish in the seas, birds in the air & all the animals on land.
      • God separated Man into male & female. He told them to be fruitful & multiply, to replenish & tame the earth. All animals & fruits have a replenishing seed – use that to your advantage. The grass is for the beasts & Man. The beasts are for each other & for you.
    • The world was complete.

Chapter 2

  • Day 7:
    • The heavens & earth were finished.
    • God put his feet up & appreciated his fine work
    • The 7th day was meant for a blessing of all God’s work
  • There’s another version of the events of Creation
    • God had made the heavens & earth on one day but nothing was growing. Furthermore, nobody was around to till the earth
      • He made it rain & this caused streams to form
      • Then God made man out of dust, breathing life into him through his nostrils & man came alive
      • God made the Garden of Eden in the east, where all kinds of wonderful things grew, including the Tree of Life, & the Tree of Knowledge of Good & Evil
      • In the Garden was a river with 4 branches:
        • Pishon flows around Havilah, where there was gold, bdellium & onyx
        • Gihon flows around Cush
        • Tigris flows east of Assyria
        • Euphrates
    • God put man in the Garden of Eden & told him he can eat whatever he liked, except fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good & Evil. Eat that & you’ll die
    • God thought man might get lonely, so he decided he would make him a partner.
      • God brought every animal in front of man to see what he would call them. Whatever he called them was their name.
      • Each of these animals had a partner except man.
      • While man was in a deep sleep, God took man’s rib & sewed up the wound. He used the rib to make a woman as his partner.
      • God showed man the woman & man responded that he knew the woman was from his flesh & was to be his partner
      • When a man leaves his parents, he clings to his wife to become one flesh
      • The man & woman were naked & not embarrassed about it at all

Chapter 3

  • The super clever snake came up to the woman & asked if God told her if they shouldn’t eat from the trees in the Garden
    • The woman responded that they could eat from any tree except the one in the middle of the garden. “We aren’t even to touch it or we will die.”
    • The snake told her that they won’t die. God knows that once you eat from that tree, your eyes will be open & you’ll be like God because you will know good & evil
    • She saw the tree & that not only is it for food but it made you wise. So, she ate some & gave some to the man
      • Once they ate the fruit, they realized that they were naked & sewed fig leaves to cover themselves
  • God was walking around in the garden one evening & wondered where the man & woman were.
    • The man said they heard him walking around & they ran off because they were naked.
    • God asked who told them that they were naked. He asked if they had eaten from the tree he specifically told them not to eat from
    • Man told God that the woman gave him the fruit
    • God asked the woman what her side of the story was
      • The woman told God that the snake tricked her
  • God told the snake that he was to be condemned to crawl around on the ground & the man & woman would hate him & try to kill him whenever they could
  • God told the woman that she was going to have bad pains in childbirth & that she was to be under the rule of her husband
  • God told the man because he listened to his wife instead of him, & ate from the tree of knowledge, he was doomed to work hard his whole life & have to eat only from what he could farm. He would be dust & when his time came, he would return to the dust
  • The man named his wife Eve because she was the mother of life.
    • God made man & Eve clothes to cover themselves
    • God said that man has become like God, in that he knew about good & evil. Man can no longer eat from the Tree of Life & so he cannot live forever.
    • Man & Woman were sent out of the Garden of Eden & an angel with a flaming sword was put on the east of Eden to protect the Tree of Life

Chapter 4

  • Adam “knew” Eve & she had Cain (who became a tiller of the ground) with the help of the Lord & then had another named Abel (who became a shepherd)
    • Cain offered God a sacrifice of fruit. Abel offered God a sacrifice of the fatty part of some lambs.
      • God liked Abel’s offering but he didn’t think much of Cain’s. This upset Cain
      • God asked why Cain was upset. If he did well, he’d be accepted. If he didn’t, he was likely to sin because he would have desire. He had to learn to control it
    • Cain talked Abel into go into a field. There he killed Abel.
      • God asked where Abel was & Abel said he didn’t know & wasn’t responsible for his whereabouts
      • God asked what he’d done. He heard Abel’s blood crying out to him.
        • Because he had killed his brother, the ground no longer yield its maximum to him. He was condemned to wander the earth
        • Cain complained that the punishment was too hard for him to bear. He was exiled from his land & he was deprived of the presence of God. He was at danger of being killed by any passerby
        • God said that anyone who killed him would suffer a vengeance 7x worse than what they had done to him. God put the mark of Cain on him so that anyone who met him would know not to kill him
        • God sent Cain off to the land of Nod, east of Eden
  • Cain & his wife had a son named Enoch & they built a city called Enoch
    • Cain’s family: Enoch → Irad → Mehujael →Methushael → Lamech
    • Lamech had 2 wives: Adah & Zillah
      • Adah → Jabal, ancestor of those living in tents, with livestock
      • Adah → Jubal, ancestor of those who play the lyre & pipe
    • Zillah → Tubal-cain, made bronze & iron tools
    • Zillah → Naamah (female)
      • Lamech told his wives that he had killed a man for wounding him. If Cain is avenged sevenfold, Lamech would be seventy-sevenfold
  • Adam & Eve had another son named Seth
    • Seth → Enosh

Chapter 5

  • When God made humans, he made them in his likeness, male & female, calling them “Humankind”. Adam’s progeny:
    • Adam (lived 930 years) → Seth (912) → Enosh (905) → Kenan (910) → Mahalalel (859) → Jared (962) → Enoch (365) → Methuselah (969) → Lamech (777) → Noah

Chapter 6

  • Humans were multiplying like rabbits. So, God put a cap on their time on earth at 120 years.
    • Giants called the Nephilim were around then
    • Men & women grew increasingly wicked. They only had evil on their minds.
    • God regretted even making them in the first the place. He decided to wipe them out along with the animals & start over
      • The only man that God liked was Noah
  • Noah was a good man & was faithful to God. He had 3 songs, Shem, Ham & Japheth
    • God told him that he was going to wipe out all of humanity except him & his family. He told him to make an ark out of cypress of the following specifications:
      • 450 feet long, 75 feet wide & 45 feet high.
      • A roof should be placed over it with an opening of 1.5 feet.
      • Make an upper, middle & lower deck.
    • There would be a flood to destroy all life on earth.
      • Noah was to bring 2 of each animal, male & female, of all land animals
      • He was to pack a bunch of food for him, his family & the animals

Chapter 7

  • God told Noah to get in the ark with his family, & 7 pairs of every “clean” animal, 1 pair of “unclean” animals, & 7 pairs of birds
    • In 7 days, there would be 40 days & nights of rain, killing every creature on earth
  • Noah was 600 years old when the Flood came
    • His wife, sons & their wives boarded the ark
    • All the animals ordered to be housed in the ark were placed there
    • The Flood came in 7 days, just like God told him it would
  • The Flood went on for 40 days & the water levels rose & rose to the point where even the mountains started to get covered up
    • All the birds & land animals were wiped out, along with all mankind
    • Only Noah & family remained, along with the animals they had on board
    • After the rain stopped, the waters flooded the earth 150 days

Chapter 8

  • The waters slowly receded into the crevices of the earth.
    • After the 150 days, on the 17th day of the 7th month of being in the Ark, the Ark came down to rest on the mountains of Ararat
    • The waters receded until the 10th month, when the tops of the mountains became visible
    • After 40 days of sitting there, Noah opened a window & sent out a raven until the water had dried up
    • Then he sent out a dove to see if the water was gone from the ground. The dove couldn’t find anywhere to set down, so it came back to the Ark
    • He waited another 7 days & sent the dove out again
      • It flew back later that night with an olive leaf, so he knew that the water levels were sufficiently low enough
      • He waited another 7 days & sent out the dove again but it never came back
  • Noah took off the cover of the Ark & saw the land was dry
    • God told Noah to come out of the Ark with his family & all the creatures he had stored up in the Ark. “Be fruitful & multiply”. Noah complied
    • After he unpacked everything, Noah built an altar to God, taking clean animals to offer as a sacrifice to God
      • God like this & said that he would never curse the earth because people again, even though they’re pretty bad from the cradle to the grave

Chapter 9

  • God told Noah & his family to restart the human race. All the animals would possible food for them along with the plants
    • BUT, they shouldn’t eat meat with its blood still in it.
    • Shedding the blood of other humans will demand a reckoning with God because humans are made in God’s image & likeness
    • God established a covenant with humans that he would never wipe them out. The rainbow in the sky will be a sign of that covenant between God & all life on earth
  • Noah began to work the soil & made a vineyard.
    • He drank the wine he made from the grapes. He got so hammered that he passed out naked in his tent.
    • Ham saw Noah naked in his tent & told Shem & Japheth, who put a cover on him. They made sure not to look at him naked
    • When Noah woke up & cursed Ham for just looking at him naked & not doing anything about it. His son, Canaan was to be curse for this
      • He Praised Shem & Japheth
  • Noah lived 350 years after the flood, making him 950 when he died

Chapter 10

  • The 3 sons, Shem, Ham & Japheth families of their own
    • Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, TUbal, Meshek & Tiras
      • Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath & Togarmah
      • Javan: Elishah, Trshish, the Kittite & Rodanites
    • Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put & Canaan
      • Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah & Sabteka
        • Raamah: Sehba & Dedan
  • Cush was the father of Nimrod
    • Nimrod was a warrior & hunter & built a kingdom including Babylon, Uruk, Akkad & Kalneh in Shinar. He also built in Assyria, Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah, Resen
  • Egypt was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, Pathrusites, Kasluhites (origin of the Philistines) & Caphorites
  • Canaan was father of Sidon, the Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites,  Girgashites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites & Hamathites
    • They scattered & the borders of the Kingdown wen from Sidon to Gerar, Gaza, Sodom, Gomorraw, Admah & Zeboyin & Lasha
  • Shem was the ancestor of Eber
    • Shem’s sons: Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud & Aram
      • Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether & Meshek
      • Arphaxad: Shelah
        • Shelah: Eber
          • Eber: Peleg, Joktan
            • Joktan: Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah & Jobab
              • They lived from Mesha toward Sephar

Chapter 11

  • At this point all the people had one language & common speech.
    • People moved eastward in Shinar to settle
    • They decided to make bricks & used tar for mortar. They used this to build a city with a tower to reach the heavens to make a name for themselves
    • God saw this thinking that if this then nothing would be impossible for them. He scattered them all over the world to stop them building this tower. The tower was called Babel because they were confused in language after being scattered
  • Shem’s lineage to Abram:
    • Shem → Arphaxad → Shelah → Eber → Peleg → Reu → Serug → Nahor → Tera → Abram
  • Terah was the father of Abram, Nahor & Haran
    • Haran had a son, Lot but Haran died in Ur
    • Nahor got married & so did Abram
      • Abram’s wife was Sarai & Nahor’s wife was Milkah
      • Sarai was unable to conceive
    • Terah to his son, Abram, grandson, Lot, & daughter-in-law, Sarai to leave from Ur to go to Canaan but settled in Harran

Chapter 12

  • God told Abram to leave his father’s land & make a great nation. He would be famous. Those who were good to him would be treated well by God. Those who were bad to him would be treated cursed by God
    • Abram took Lot & Sarai & all their stuff & moved to Canaan
    • They showed up & Abram built an altar to God
    • The went to the hills of Bethel & built another altar to God
  • There was a bad drought & Abram decided to take his crew to Egypt
    • He told Sarai that because she was beautiful, the Egyptians will kill him & let her live. But if they pretended to be brother & sister, he’d be treated as she was & they’d spare him his life
    • The Pharaoh’s men saw her & brought her to his palace. He treated Abram well because of her. He gave him sheep, donkeys, servants & camels
    • God sent a bunch of diseases to the Pharaoh & his crew because he had Sarai & she was Abram’s wife.
      • He asked Sarai what she had done to him? Why hadn’t she told him she was Abram’s wife? They were to leave with all their new things

Chapter 13

  • Abram took his crew to the Negev. He became wealthy in money & in livestock
    • They wandered to Bethel & built an altar there
    • Lot also had flocks & there just wasn’t enough land to support them all.
      • Abram & Lot tried to hammer out an agreement between them about the use of the land.
        • Lot decided to go to the plain of Jordan & moved east
        • Abram lived in Canaan
        • Lot lived near the city of Sodom where sinning was in full bloom
      • God told Abram that the land around him was his & would belong to his offspring forever.
        • Abram made an altar at Hebron

Chapter 14

  • Kings Amraphel, Arioch, Kedorlaomer & Tidal went to war with Bera, Birsha, Shinab, Shemeber & Bela
    • The second group all allied with each other.
    • They all waged war on each other in the Valley of Siddim until the Kings of Sodom & Gomorrah ran off. The others swooped in a took all the goodies from these cities, including Lot & his possessions since he’d been living in Sodom
    • Abram was informed of this & rounded up over 300 men to pursue those who had carried off Lot
      • The attacked them in the middle of the night, getting Lot, his possession & all those with him
      • King of Salem, Melchizedek, was a priest & praised Abram. Abram tithed to him. The King of Sodom wanted the people back & was willing to let Abram keep the goods for himself
        • Abram said that he had sworn to God that he’d accept nothing from him so that he’d never be beholden to Sodom.

Chapter 15

  • God told Abram not to be afraid. God would be his shield
    • Abram was worried about being childless & that his servant would be his heir.
    • God told him not to worry. His heir would be his own flesh & blood. He’d have more offspring than stars in the sky
    • God told him to take a heifer, goat & ram, each 3 years old, & a pigeon &dove
    • Abram cut the heifer, goat & ram, & cut them in half. The birds he didn’t cut in half. Later the birds of prey started eyeing the animals but Abram shooed them off
    • Abram fell asleep & God came to him. He said that for 400 years your descendants will be strangers in a different country. They’ll be mistreated & enslaved there. God would punish those who mistreated them. After 4 generations, Abram’s descendants would come back.
      • Abram woke up. God would give his descendants land from the river of Egypt to the Euphrates

Chapter 16

  • Sarai didn’t have any kids. But she had an Egyptian slave named Hagar
    • She told Abram since she couldn’t have kids of her own, Abram should sleep with Hagar & maybe that way they could raise a family
      • Abram slept with Hagar & she conceived.
      • Once Hagar knew she was pregnant, she began to hate Sarai.
        • Sarai complained to Abram. Since she had Abram sleep with Hagar, she has begun to hate me
        • Abram let Sarai do what she wanted to Hagar. She mistreated her, so Hagar ran away.
        • An angel came to Hagar on the way to Shur & asked what she was up to. The angel told her to go back. This way, she would have so many descendants she wouldn’t be able to count them all. Now that she was pregnant, she’ll give birth to a boy, who’ll be named Ishmael (God hears). He’ll be a wild man. He’ll hate others & will be hated by them

Chapter 17

  • God came to Abram & said that he was making another covenant between God & man. Your group will be huge:
    • You’ll no longer be called Abram (exalted father) but will be called Abraham (exalted father of many). You’ll be the father of entire nations. The whole land of Canaan will be yours & of your descendants
    • But you’ll have to keep up your end of things. Every male must be circumcised as a sign of this covenant. Once a male is 8 days old, he must be circumcised, including any member of your household, including servants. Your flesh will be a marker of our covenant. Those without it won’t be a part of his people & will be considered breaking the covenant
    • God also told him that Sarai will now be called Sarah. He said he’d give them a son, so that she’d be the mother of nations.
      • Abraham didn’t believe Sarah could have kids at their age. Maybe Ishmael would be blessed by God?
      • God said Sarah would have a son named Isaac. He’d establish this covenant with him & his descendants
      • Ishmael would be blessed & have many descendants. He’ll be the father of 12 rulers & he’ll have a great nation
        • But the covenant is for Isaac from Sarah. She’ll have a son within a year
    • Abraham took Ishmael & every servant in his household & circumcised them. Abraham himself was circumcised at the age of 99 & Ishmael was 13.

Chapter 18

  • Abraham was sitting in his tent when 3 visitors showed up to meet him
    • He welcomed them to eat, drink & have a rest.
    • He had Sarah make him bread for the guests. A servant prepared a calf. He brought out curd & milk for the meal
    • The visitors asked where Sarah was. Abraham said she was in another tent.
      • They told him that when they returned next year, she would have a son
      • Sarah was listening & laughed to herself. She couldn’t believe such a thing
    • The men got up & looked toward Sodom. Abraham was walking them out.
      • God thought he might tell him what was about to happen.
      • He had heard that the outcry against Sodom & Gomorrah was so loud & their sins were so large that he had to see what had been going on
      • As the men left, Abraham stayed with God & asked if he was going to sweep away the wicked. What if there were 50 righteous people there? That wouldn’t be right to kill them along with the wicked
        • God said if there were 50 righteous people, he’d spare the city of Sodom
      • Abraham asked if there were 45 righteous people, would he do the same
        • God said OK
        • They did this until they got to 10. God said OK.

Chapter 19

  • 2 angels showed in Sodom in the evening. Lot saw them & asked them to stay with him that night.
    • They said they’d stay in the city square
    • Lot insisted so much that they obliged. He made them a meal with unleavened bread
      • Before they went to bed, the men of the city knocked on the door so that they could have sex with his visitors
      • Lot refused. He offered his daughters instead. But they couldn’t have the men who came to his house for protection
      • The men didn’t like a foreigner telling them what to do. He’d get it worse than his friends
        • The visitors pulled him back inside. They went out & made the men blind.
        • They asked Lot if he had anybody else in his house. They had to leave because they were going to destroy the city
        • Lot told his daughters & sons-in-law-to-be to get out of the city because God was going to raze the place.
        • The angels grabbed him, his 2 daughters & wife, & led them safely out of the city. They told them to run & not to stop or look back. They were to run to the mountains or they’d be swept away
          • Lot told them they couldn’t run that far. Would it be possible to run to a nearby city called Zoar? Sure, why not?
        • They reached Zoar. By this time, Sodom was a smoking crater & all the wickedness was gone. But Lot’s wife looked back & became a pillar of salt
    • Abraham got up the next day & saw smoke where Sodom & Gomorrah used to be. God had brought Lot out of the city & back to Abraham
  • Lot & his 2 daughters left Zoar & moved to the mountains. They lived in a cave.
    • The daughters got impatient. Their father was getting old & they didn’t have a chance to find husband’s of their own
    • They decided to get their father drunk. The elder daughter went to “visit” him when he was unaware of anything.
      • The elder daughter told the younger about this.
      • They repeated this with the younger daughter the next night
        • The daughters got pregnant by their own father
        • The elder had a son named Moab, father of the Moabites
        • The younger had a son named Ben-Ammi, father of the Ammonites

Chapter 20

  • Abraham moved to the area of Negev.
    • He introduced Sarah. Abimelek, the King of Gerar sent for her.
    • God came to Abimelek & told him he was as good as dead because he’d taken a married woman.
      • Abimelek pleaded innocent. Sarah hadn’t said that she was married.
      • God agreed but he was return Sarah to Abraham because he was a prophet. If he didn’t do this, he would die
      • Abimelek brought in Abraham & asked why he lied about Sarah. Things were going to get hairy with God because of this story.
      • Abraham said that he thought the land was of a Godless people & they’d kill him because of his wife. Technically, she is his half sister
      • Abimelek gave him a bunch of sheep, cattle & slaves. He told him to make himself comfortable on the land
      • He told Sarah he was giving her brother 1000 shekels of silver to make up for the big to do
      • Abraham prayed to God to make things right for Abimelek & his family

Chapter 21

  • God fulfilled his promise to Sarah. She got pregnant & had a son, Isaac. He was circumcised at 8 days
    • Sarah: God’s brought me laughter & to anyone else because it’s hilarious that a woman as old as I am would have a kid & be able to nurse him
  • Once Isaac was weaned, Abraham had a great feast. The son that Abraham had with Hagar was mocking the baby. Sarah told Abraham to get rid of Hagar & her child – he must never share in Isaac’s inheritance
    • This upset Abraham. God told him that he ought not worry about it. The son, Ishmael, will be the leader of a nation because he is Abraham’s son. But he ought to listen to Sarah because she’s Isaac’s mother
    • Abraham took some food & water, gave it to Hagar & Ishmael & sent them off into the Desert of Beersheba.
      • When the water ran out, she sat the boy in the bushes & went off. Once she was a “bowshot” away, she sat down & cried that she couldn’t watch the boy die.
      • God came to her & said she ought not to be afraid. She should take him & go. God will make him into a great nation.
      • God opened her eyes & she saw a well where should could get water.
      • The boy grew up & he lived in desert, becoming an archer. His mom set him up with a wife from Egypt
  • Abraham’s commanders Abimelek & Phicol came to him & said that God was with him in everything. They wanted him to swear before God that he wouldn’t cheat or trick them or their children. He should show them the same kindness that they have shown him
    • Abraham swore it. But he complained to Abimelek about his servants taking a hold of a well. Abimelek said he’d hadn’t heard about it
    • Abraham brought sheep & cattle to Abimelek & made a treaty with him. He set apart 7 ewe lambs. Abimelek asked what they were for. Abraham explained that they were for the well he dug.
      • After the treaty made at Beersheba, Abimelek & Phicol returned from the land of the Philistines.
      • Abraham planted a tamarisk tree there

Chapter 22

  • God called Abraham & told him to take his son, Isaac, & sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain that he’d point out to him
    • The next day, Abraham loaded a donkey, took 2 servants & Isaac. He cut enough wood for the fire & set out to where God told him to go. After 3 days, he told his servants to wait while he carried on with his son.
    • Abraham carried the wood & Isaac asked where they were going. He asked that the fire & wood were there but no lamb for the sacrifice.
      • Abraham answered that God would provide the lamb. They carried on walking
      • When they got to the place God had pointed out to him, Abraham built an altar & piled up the wood. He tied up Isaac & put him on top of the wood. He took out the knife & was just about to kill Isaac
        • Suddenly an angel called out telling Abraham not to kill the boy. God knows that he feared God & was not about to keep his only son from God.
        • Abraham looked up & saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over & sacrificed it instead of his son.
        • God called out to him again & said because he did not withhold his son from God, he will make his descendants as numerous as the stars & would be victorious in war. All because Abraham obeyed him.
      • Abraham & co. went back to Beersheba.
  • Abraham heard that his brother, Nahor, & sister-in-law, Milkah, had children, Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph & Bethuel.
    • Bethuel was the father of Rebekah.
    • Nahor’s concubine, Reumah, also had sons, Tebah, Gaham, Tahash & Maakah

Chapter 23

  • Sarah died at Hebron at the age of 127. Abraham mourned for her.
    • He then spoke to the Hittites & said he was a foreigner but he wanted to buy some property to bury Sarah
    • They responded that they respected him so much that they would allow him to bury her in their best tombs.
    • Abraham said that if they were willing to let him bury his dead, then he would like them to intercede with Ephron so he would sell him the cave of Machpelah. It’d like to buy that at full price as the burial site
    • Ephron said he’d rather give him the field & the cave with it. There Abraham would be able to bury his dead
      • Abraham insisted on paying full price for it
      • Ephron said it was worth 400 silver shekels. But go ahead & bury your dead there.
      • Abraham forked over 400 shekels
      • Ephron’s field was sold to Abraham & he buried Sarah there

Chapter 24

  • Abraham was getting on in years. He had his head servant swear not to get Isaac a wife from among the Canaanites. He wanted a wife for him from his original country
    • The servant asked – What if she’s not willing to leave home to come here? Should Isaac move there?
    • Abraham said Isaac should not be taken there. God had brought him out of his native land & told me that my son would be the heir to this land. An angel would be sent with the servant to help get a wife for him. If she’s unwilling to come back, then the servant would be released from the oath sworn to Abraham.
    • The servant swore to do this & left with camels to the city of Nahor. The servant stopped at a well & prayed to God for help in finding this girl.
      • He said: I wish that she’d come up to me & just offer me & my camels a drink of water & that’d be it.
      • As soon as he’d finished praying, Rebekah, granddaughter of Abraham’s brother, Nahor, came out with her jar. She offered him & his camels a drink. The servant watched her to make sure that she was the one he’d been looking for.
      • He asked her who she was & if her family had a room to let out for the night. He offered a gold nose ring as payment. She answered he was Bethuel’s daughter, & there was loads of room for him.
        • The servant fell to his knees to thank God for finding him the right girl for Isaac.
        • Rebekah went in & brought out her brother, Laban, looked the nose right. He heard what the servant had said to Rebekah. He asked why he was standing outside when the house is already made up for him.
        • The servant went in & washed up. The camels were taken care of. Food was brought to him but he said that he wouldn’t eat before telling them what he had had to say
          • Servant: I am the servant of Abraham. God has blessed him with wealth, animals, servants, a wife, Sarah, who had given birth to Isaac at an old age. My master has asked me to find a wife for his son, Isaac. Isaac is not to leave the land of his father but stay there. I have to find him a wife to move in. If I can’t find one worthy of him & who will move in with him, I’ll be released from my oath. I came to the spring today & prayed to God to find a woman like this & ran into Rebekah offering me & my camels a drink.
        • Laban & Bethuel answered that since this was God’s answer to your prayer we insist that Rebekah go with you to marry your master’s son.
        • The servant offered them a lot of gold, jewelry, etc. & gave them to Rebekah. He also offered gifts to her family
        • Laban asked him to let her stay 10 days before leaving.
          • The servant said he couldn’t wait because he was on a mission from God & had to go back to his master
        • They said they ought to ask her what she wanted to do
          • Rebekah agreed to go. She left with her servant & Abraham’s servant after many blessings
        • Isaac was out in the field meditating & saw the camels coming.
        • Rebekah asked who the man in the field was. The servant answered that he was his master. Rebekah covered her face with her viel
      • The servant told Isaac the story of the journey. Isaac married Rebekah in Sarah’s old tent. This was a comfort Isaac after his mother’s death

Chapter 25

  • Abraham had another wife, Keturah. They had kids: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak & Shuah
    • Jokshan → Sheba & Dedan
      • Dedan → Ashurites, Letushites & Leummites
    • Midian → Ephah, Epher, Hanok, Abida & Eldaah
  • Abraham left everything he had to Isaac. He gave the other sons concubines & sent them eastward
    • Abraham lived 175 years. Isaac & Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah where he had buried Sarah.
  • Ishmael → Nebaioth, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hada, Tema, Jetur, Naphish & Kedemah
    • They became tribal rulers of settlement & camps
    • Ishmael lived 137 years. His descendants settled in the area form Havilah to Shur near Egypt. They were hostile to other tribes
  • Isaac was 40 years old when he married Rebekah. Isaac prayed because Rebekah was childless. God answered the prayer.
    • Rebekah was pregnant & felt a great amount of jostling. She asked God what was up. He told her that 2 nations were in her womb. 1 people will be stronger than the other. The older will serve the younger
    • The first one out was red & covered in hair – named Esau
    • The second came out grabbing Esau’s heel – Jacob
      • Esau became a hunter – favorite of Isaac
      • Jacob preferred staying at home in the tents – favorite of Rebekah
    • Jacob was cooking stew, Esau came in famish & asked for some stew
      • Jacob said only if Esau sold him his birthright
      • Esau was about to die. He asked what good his birthright was to him. He agreed & Jacob gave Esau bread & stew.
      • Esau then despised his birthright

Chapter 26

  • There was a famine. Isaac went to Abimelek, king of the Philistines in Gerar. God appeared to him & told him not to go down to Egypt but to live where he was told to go. He was to stick around & to have the lands God gave his father. There, they would be numerous. God promised Abraham this because he was loyal to God. Isaac stayed in Gerar
    • When the men asked him about his wife, he was afraid to say she was his wife. He claimed she was his sister. They might kill him if they thought she was his wife.
    • Abimelek saw through a window Isaac kissing Rebekah. He called Isaac in asking him why he’d said she was his sister. Isaac said because he was afraid that he’d be killed to get her.
    • Abimelek was upset that if one the men slept with his wife, a lot of badness would happen. Abimelek threatened any man who would harm Isaac or Rebekah.
    • Isaac planted crops. God had particularly blessed him that year with a harvest so massive that he became very rich. This made Philistines jealous of him. They filled in the wells Abraham had dug with earth
      • Abimelek told him to move away. They were afraid he was getting too powerful. So he moved to the Valley of Gera. Isaac reopened the wells that had been filled in.
      • Herders of Gerar wanted the wells for themselves. They dug another one. They fought over that one & then fought over that one. He moved & dug another one but no one argued over it, naming it Rehoboth (“room”) in that God had given them room enough to flourish.
      • He went up to Beersheba & was visited by God, who reassured him that he was with him & he would have many descendants
    • Abimelek came to visit him with his advisor & general. They said they knew that God was on his side & they wanted to make an agreement with him. They’d do him no harm & he’d do him no harm.
      • Isaac agreed & made them a feat. They swore an oath to each other
      • Later that day his servants dug another well & named it “Shibah” (oath)
  • When Esau was 40, he married Judith & Basemath.
    • They were a source of grief to Isaac & Rebekah

Chapter 27

  • Isaac was getting on in years, & couldn’t see very well anymore, & called Esau in to talk to him. He told him to get his bow & arrows, & go hunting for some food for his last meal
    • Rebekah over heard this conversation. She later told Jacob what was said. She told him to go get 2 goats from the pasture so she can make Isaac food the way he likes it. Then he’d take to him to get a blessing before he dies
    • Jacob said that his father knows that Esau’s hairy while he’s clean cut. Isaac would never mistake them for each other. Wouldn’t this lead to a curse rather than a blessing?
    • She said she’d let the curse fall on her – “Just go do as I’ve asked you”
      • Jacob got the 2 goats & she fixed them up the way Isaac liked them. She took Esau’s clothes & put them on Jacob to make him look like Esau. She covered his arms & neck with goatskins to make him seem hairy. She handed him the food & sent him in to see his father.
    • Jacob went in to Isaac offering him food. Isaac was surprised that he’d returned to quickly from the hunt. He wanted to touch him to see if it was really Esau.
      • Isaac recognized Jacob’s voice but felt hairy arms like Esau. He asked if it was really Esau. Jacob said yes.
      • Jacob brought the food to him & blessed him as Esau & sent him on his way
    • Afterwards, the real Esau came in to see his father. This disturbed & confused Isaac. He asked who the last person was. Esau wanted his blessing too.
      • Isaac realized that Jacob had stolen Esau’s blessing. He had rightly named Jacob (grasping the heel/deceiving).
      • Esau complained that Jacob had stolen his birthright & now had stolen his blessing. Isaac said that was unfortunate because he made him lord over Esau & his relatives, servants, etc. What else could he do?
      • Esau insisted on having a blessing.
      • Isaac blessed him, saying that he would never be rich & would always serve his brother. When he got restless, he would throw off the yoke
    • Esau started to hold a grudge against Jacob. Once the mourning period for their father was over, he planned to kill Jacob
    • Rebekah found out Esau’s plans to kill Jacob & told him about them. He had to run off to her brother, Laban’s place in Harran. Maybe a time away would be good until Esau cooled down. Once the dust settled, she’s send for him.
      • Rebekah said to Isaac that she’d be really disappointed if Jacob married a Hittite woman.

Chapter 28

  • Isaac called Jacob in & blessed him. He told him not to marry a Canaanite. He was to go to Paddan Aram & stay with Rebekah’s father, Bethuel. He was to get himself a wife there from Laban’s daughters. God would ensure that he’d have a large & happy family.
    • Esau learned about this conversation, & went to Ishmael & married Mahalath on top of the wife he’d already had
  • Jacob went to Harran & on the way, he camped out & slept with his head on a rock.
    • In his dream he saw a stairway starting from earth & going all the way up to heaven. He saw all the angels of God going up & down it. At the top, he saw God, who introduced himself as the God of Abraham & Isaac.
      • God was to give all Jacob’s descendants the land where he was sleeping. They would be like the dust of the earth & spread out in all directions. He would remain with Jacob
      • Jacob woke up from his dream & called the place where he was sleeping the “Gate of Heaven”
        • He took the stone he slept on, made a pillar of it & poured oil on it. The place was to be called Bethel
        • He made a vow that if God was going to be with him & he returned safely from his journey, he would be devoted to God & use the stone he dreamt on as a pillar. He would give 10% of all that God gave him back to God

Chapter 29

  • Jacob kept going & saw a large open country with loads of sheep grazing. There was a stone covering the top of a well where the shepherds would roll it off to get water for the sheep & then replace it
    • He asked them where they were from (A: Harran). He asked if they knew Laban (A: Yes).
      • Down came his daughter Rachel with the sheep
      • He told them to water the sheep & get back to the pasture. They said it wasn’t time.
      • He saw Rachel coming with the sheep. He rolled off the stone & gave the sheep water. He kissed Rachel & began to weep. He told her that he was a relative & asked to see her father
      • Laban ran out to see him & brought him into his house
  • Jacob had been there for a month. Laban said he wanted to pay him for the work he’d done, just name the price
    • Laban had 2 daughters, Leah (the elder) & Rachel. Rachel was the better looking. Jacob was in love with her & asked to work for 7 years in order to marry her. Laban agreed. It wasn’t very long because Jacob was so in love with Rachel.
    • Once the 7 years were up, he asked for her. He wanted to make love to her.
    • Laban put together a big feast & in the evening, he brought Leah to Jacob. Jacob made love to her. Once Jacob woke up, he realized that he’d been given Leah instead of Rachel. He asked what the deal was
    • Laban said it was the custom not to give the younger daughter away before the elder daughter was married. After the bridal week, he could have Rachel too for another 7 years of work
    • They finished the bridal week & Laban gave him Rachel as his wife. He made love to Rachel, & then worked for Laban for another 7 years.
  • God saw that Leah wasn’t loved & made her able to conceive but Rachel was childless.
    • Leah named her son Reuben (“he has seen my misery”), figuring that since God had seen her misery maybe he’d make her husband love her
    • She had another son named Simeon (“one who hears”)
    • She had another son named Levi (“attached”) thinking maybe her husband would be attached to her
    • She had another named Judah (“praise”), thinking she would praise God.

Chapter 30

  • Rachel saw that she wasn’t having any of Jacob’s children & told him that she wanted children or she’d die
    • Jacob said that it wasn’t up to him. He was doing his part. God had more of a role in this
    • She presented her servant, Bilhah, so he could sleep with her & have her children as her own.
      • Jacob obliged & Bilhah had a son. Rachel felt vindicated, naming the kid Dan (“he has vincated”)
      • Bilhah had another son. Rachel named it Naphtali (“my struggle”) because she’d struggle with her sister
    • Leah saw she herself wasn’t having anymore kids & sent her servant, Zilpah, to Jacob as a wife. He slept with her & Leah named the son Gad (“good fortune”)
    • Zilpah had another son, Asher (“happy”) because now she had another son
    • Reuben brought back mandrake plants to his mother, Leah. Rachel asked for some.
      • Leah said, didn’t you take my husband? Now you want my son’s mandrake plants?
      • Rachel said – OK, you have him tonight for some of those plants
      • Leah updated on Jacob on the exchange. He obliged
        • Leah became pregnant & had Issachar (“reward”) as a reward from God
        • Leah had another son, Zebulun (“honor”) in hope that her husband would treat her with honor
        • She had a daughter, Dinah
    • God finally remembered Rachel & gave her a son, Joseph (“may he add”) in hopes of having another son
  • After Joseph’s birth, Jacob turned to Laban, asking him for his release. He had his wives & wanted to start off on his own
    • Laban asked him to stay because he thought the Lord blessed him because of Jacob. He asked for Jacob’s price
    • Jacob explained that he’d already made him from a small-time farmer into a fairly wealthy man. He wanted a household of his own
      • He would watch Laban’s flocks. His wage would be all the speckled, spotted, dark colored lamb & goat. Laban agreed to give them to him.
      • He took those Laban had given him & put them a 3-day walk from Laban’s flocks. He’d watch Laban’s flocks & had his son watch over his own
      • Jacob took freshly cut branches & put white striped on them & made them into drinking troughs for the sheep. When the flocks were in heat, they’d come by to drink & mate there. He’d get the spotted & dark ones. The others would be for Laban. When the stronger females were in heat, he’d set this out because they usually had spots & were darker. When the weaker females were in heat, he wouldn’t set it up. Laban got the weaker animals & Jacob got the stronger ones. He grew fairly rich through this scheme.

Chapter 31

  • Jacob overheard Laban’s sons saying that he’d been conning their father. Furthermore, Laban wasn’t as pleasant as he used to be.
    • God told Jacob to go back to where he had come from
    • He called for Rachel & Leah to visit him out in the fields. He said that Laban wasn’t very nice anymore. He’d worked his ass off for Laban for years & had been cheated out of tons & tons of money. Their deal was that Jacob would take the speckled sheep & goats & Laban would take the non-speckled sheep & goats.
      • God had told showed him in a dream how this worked. God’s angel told him that God would set things right because Laban had been cheating him all those years. He was now supposed to go back home.
      • Leah & Rachel asked about having shares in their father’s inheritance. They figured that he cheated Jacob out of his end of the marriage arrangement, & he would have no compunction about doing the same to them. They would go along with Jacob
      • Jacob put his wives & kids on camels & he drove the flocks in front of them & went to his father, Isaac in Canaan.
      • Rachel had taken Laban’s household gods with them & they headed out for Gilead.
    • It took Laban 3 days to find out that they all had left. He took all his relative to look for them & finally caught up with them after 7 days.
      • God came to Laban in a dream & told him not to say anything good or bad to Jacob
      • Jacob had pitched his tent in Gilead. Laban & his crew did the same.
        • Laban asked him why he tricked him & ran off with his daughters like they were prisoners. He didn’t even get to say goodbye to his grandchildren. He had the power to harm him but God told him not to say anything good or bad to Jacob. Why did they steal his gods?
        • Jacob answered that he was afraid that Laban would keep his wives by force. If anyone had taken the gods, they should not live. Laban could search if he wanted to. Jacob didn’t know that Rachel had taken the gods
        • Laban went in Jacob’s tent, Leah’s tent & some servants’ tent. Nothing. He went into Rachel’s tent.
          • Rachel had taken the gods & put them in her camel’s saddle & sat on them.
        • Laban found nothing in Rachel’s tent
          • She said that she was sorry & couldn’t get down to see him but she was on her period.
          • Laban gave up the search
        • Jacob got incensed with Laban. What had he done? He was hunted down like a criminal. He’d been thoroughly searched & Laban had found nothing stolen
          • He’d been with Laban for 20 years. He’d looked after his goats & sheep. Whenever something bad happened with them, he took it on the chin. He stayed out in the heat in the day & in the cold at night. He worked for him for 14 years & watched his flocks for another 6. If his grandfather hadn’t been Abraham & his father hadn’t been Isaac, Laban would have swindled him even further. This is all the thanks he got
        • Laban answered. The women were his daughters & the children were his children. The flocks were his flocks. Everything there was because of him. And now what can he do about it?
          • Laban: Let’s make a covenant between us
          • Jacob took a stone & set it as a pillar. They all put them around in pile. Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha & Jacob called it Galeed
        • Laban: This pile of rocks is our witness. Let the Lord keep watch between us. If you take more of my daughters as wives, God help you. You stay on your side of the pile of the rocks & I’ll stay on my side. God will watch this agreement
        • Jacob agreed. They sacrificed an animal & ate. Laban left the next day to go home

Chapter 32

  • On the way home, Jacob met with some angels at a place he named Mahanaim
    • He sent messengers to his brother. They were to told Esau that Jacob had been staying with Laban for the last 20 years. He now had animals, wives & servants. He was moving back & hoping to make amends
    • The messengers came back saying Esau was on his way &  400 men with him
    • Jacob divided his group into 2, hoping if Esau attacked, one group might be able to survive
      • He prayed to God that now that he was on his way back to his land of origin, he asked for protection from any harm from Esau for his family, animals, servants & himself.
      • He decided to make a gift of 20 male, 20 female goats, 200 ewes, 20 rams, 30 females with their young, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 female donkeys, 10 male donkeys. He gave them to a servant to go ahead & offer them to Esau. The servant was to present them as a gift from Esau’s servant, Jacob, who is following behind
      • Other servants were to emphasize that Jacob be referred to as Esau’s servant.
    • Jacob took his wives, servants & sons, & crossed the ford of Jabbok. After he sent them over, he sent over all of his possessions.
      • Jacob was alone & a man wrestled with him all night. When the man saw he couldn’t beat Jacob, he touched his hip so it became all out of whack. The man told him to let him go
        • Jacob wouldn’t let him go unless he received a blessing from him.
        • The man asked what his name was. He answered, Jacob
        • The man said that he will no longer be called Jacob. He was now Israel, (“he who struggles with God”) because he struggled with God & humans & won
        • Jacob asked him his name & got no answer. However, the man blessed Jacob. Jacob called the place, Peniel (“face of God”) because it was there he saw face to face & he survived
        • In the morning, he moved on limping. It is for this that Israelites don’t eat the tendon attached to the socket of the hip because that’s where Jacob was touched

Chapter 33

  • Jacob saw Esau coming with his 400 men.
    • Jacob divided his group into 2. He went ahead, bowed on the ground 7 times & approached Esau
    • Esau ran out to see Jacob & hugged him. They cried. Esau asked who all the people were. They were children God had given him
      • They all bowed to Esau.
    • Esau asked what all the flocks of animals he met on the way.
      • Jacob was looking to get on his good side
      • Esau explained that he already had enough. He should keep them for himself
      • Jacob insisted. Seeing Esau’s face was like seeing the face of God now that things were cool. Esau accepted the gift
      • Esau said they should get going but Jacob said he couldn’t push the children & animals any harder. He’d have to go at a much slower pace. Esau should head back & Jacob would catch up with him in Seir
        • Esau said he’d leave some men with him. Jacob said it wasn’t necessary
      • Esau went back to Seir but Jacob went to Sukkoth (“shelters”) & made a place for himself
        • So, from Paddan Aram to the city of Shechem in Canaan, he bought a plot of land, set up an altar & called it El Elohe Israel (“Might is the God of Israel”)

Chapter 34

  • Dinah, Leah’s & Jacob’s daughter, went out to visit some of the local women. The ruler’s son, Shechem, took her & raped her. He was so drawn to her he had to have her as his wife
    • Jacob hear about this & waited until his sons came home
    • Shechem’s father, Hamor, spoke to Jacob.
    • Jacob’s sons came home furious that such a thing happened
      • Hamor said that Shechem had his heart set on Dinah & wanted to marry her. He wanted to intermarry with them. He asked to exchange daughters & to settle the land together
      • Shechem wanted to make it up to Jacob & his sons. He was willing to pay whatever price they asked for
      • The sons said they could not give away their sister to a man who was not circumcised. Only if he got snipped would they consider it
      • Hamor & Shechem seemed fine with that. They went to the city gate in their own town & said that Jacob & his family were friendly toward them & that they can intermarry. However, all the men of the city would have to get circumcised.
        • All the men agreed & got circumcised.
      • 3 days later, while all the men of Hamor’s & Shechem’s tribe were still reeling in pain from the circumcision, 2 of Jacob’s sons, Simeon & Levi, attacked the city & killed every male. They killed Shechem & Hamor & took back Dinah. They took everything of value from the city
      • Jacob was angry with them because the Canaanites & Perizzites would see this & come attack them.
      • The brothers asked why their sister should be treated like a whore

Chapter 35

  • God told Jacob to go to Beth & build an altar where he had the dream.
    • He told everyone in his household to get rid of all their foreign gods, purify themselves, change their clothes & come build an altar to God who had helped Jacob through all the terrible times
    • They did as he asked. God made sure that nobody would mess with them
    • Jacob & his company came to Luz/Bethel & built an altar there
      • Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died & was buried near the altar
      • After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram, God came to him, blessed him & told him that he was no longer Jacob but Israel. God said that they should be fruitful & multiply.
      • Jacob set up a stone pillar & poured a drink & some oil on it, calling the place Bethel.
  • They moved on from Bethel. Rachel was in labor & having difficulty. The midwife told her it was a boy. Rachel named him Ben-Oni. Rachel died after he was born
    • Israel renamed him Benjamin (“son of my right hand”)
    • Rachel was buried on the way to Ephrath, with a pillar marking her tomb
    • Israel moved on & set up his tent beyond Migdal Eder
      • Reuben sneaked into a tent & slept with his father’s concubine, Bilhah. Israel learned of this
  • Jacob/Israel had 12 sons
    • From Leah: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Issachar & Zebulun
    • From Rachel: Joseph & Benjamin
    • From Rachel’s servant, Bilhah: Dan & Naphtali
    • From Leah’s servant, Zilpah: Gad & Asher
      • Jacob came home to his father, Isaac, in Mamre.
      • Isaac died at the age of 180, surrounded by his people
      • Esau & Jacob buried him

Chapter 36

  • Esau had Canaanite wives: Adah, Oholibamah & Basemath
    • Child from Adah: Eliphaz
    • Child from Basemath: Reuel
    • Children from Oholibamah: Jeush, Jalam & Korah
  • Esau, his wives, sons & daughters & everything he ever made, earned or acquired moved far from Jacob in the area of Seir
    • Sons: Elipahz & Reuel
      • Sons of Eliphaz: Temen, Omar, Zepho, Gatam & Kenaz
        • His concubine had Amalek
      • Sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah & Mizzah
      • Sons of Oholibamah’s daughter, Anah: Jeush, Jalam & Korah
  • Sons of Seir the Horite in the region: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer & Dishan – all Horite chiefs
    • Lotan → Hori & Homam
    • Shobal → Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho & Onam
    • Zibeon: Aiah & Anah (discovered hot springs in the desert
      • Anah → Dishan & Oholibamah
        • Disha → Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran & Keran
    • Ezer → Bilhan, Zaavan & Akan
    • Dishan → Uz & Aran
  • Kings ruling Edom before the Israelite kings
    • Bela → Jobab → Husham → Hadad → Samlah → Shaul → Baal-Hana → Hadad

Chapter 37

  • Joseph lived where his father had stayed
    • Joseph was a shepherd, as was his brothers. He was 17 & had to tell his father some bad news.
    • Israel was particularly fond of Joseph because he was old at the time of his birth. He had had an ornate robe made for him.
      • Joseph’s brothers weren’t too fond of him because they were jealous of their father’s love for him
    • Joseph had a dream & told his brothers. This made his brothers hate him even more
      • In the dream, they were gathering grain in the field where their bundles of grain bowed down to his bundle of grain
      • The brothers asked if he intended to rule over him. They hated him even more for that dream
    • Joseph had another dream & told his brothers about it.
      • In the dream, the sun & the moon, & 11 stars were bowing to him
      • He told his father & his brothers about this. Israel yelled at him – Do you think your mother & I, as well as your brothers, will bow down to you?
        • The brothers grew even more jealous but the father cooled off
  • Joseph’s brothers went off near Shechem to have their flocks graze
    • Israel sent him off to go to his brothers to see how things were doing & then to come back with a report
    • Joseph showed up & a man asked him what he was up to. He was looking for his brothers. The man said they moved on to Dothan
    • Joseph went to Dothan looking for them.
    • They saw him coming from far away & started planning to kill him. They’d throw him in to a cistern & say a wild animal ate him up. That would take care of him & his dreams
    • Reuben thought this was going too far. They’d throw him in the cistern but not kill him. Reuben was going along with this, all the while planning to take him back to their father
    • Joseph showed up & the brothers stripped off his fancy coat & threw him into the cistern
    • As they were eating, a caravan of Ishmaelites were passing by with camels loaded with spices, balm & myrrh, on their way down to Egypt
    • One brother, Judah, said – Killing our brother gets us nothing. Plus, there’s all the guilt & blood. Let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites. They took him out of the cistern & sold him for 20 shekels of Silver. The Ishmaelites took him down to Egypt
    • Reuben didn’t know that the other brothers had taken Joseph out of the cistern & sold to go down to Egypt. He asked the others what they ought to do
      • They took Joseph’s robe, slaughtered a goat & dipped the robe in the blood.
      • They took the robe & showed their father, claiming that a wild animal must have eaten him up
    • Jacob was so upset that he tore up his own clothes & sat in a sack for a while. Nobody could comfort him about this. He said he’d mourn until he died
      • The Ishmaelites had sold Jospeh to Potiphar, captain of the Pharoah’s guard

Chapter 38

  • Judah left his brothers went to stay with a man named Hirah.
    • There he met the daughter of a man named Shua. They married & had sons, Er, Onan & Shelah
    • Judah got Er a wife, Tamar. But Er was wicked in God’s sight & had him killed
    • Judah told Onan to sleep with his brother, Er’s wife & fulfill his duty to have his brother’s son & raise him
      • Onan knew the child wouldn’t be his. Whenever he slept with his brother’s wife, he pulled out, spilling his load on the floor. This was seen as bad, so God also had him put to death
    • Judah told Tamar to live as a widow until the youngest son, Shelah, grew up.
      • Tamar went to live with her father
      • A while after Judah’s wife died, He went to Timnah to see the men who were shearing his sheep. He spoke to his old friend, Hirah
      • Tamar was told that Judah was on his way to see his sheep being shorn. She took off her widow’s clothes & put on a veil to disguise herself & waited along Judah’s route. She knew that Shelah had grown up but hadn’t been sent to be her new husband
      • Judah saw her, thinking that she was a prostitute. He said to her that he wanted to sleep with her. He offered her a goat.
      • She asked for seal, its cord & the staff he had in his hand. He obliged & slept with her. Afterwards, she became pregnant & put back on her widow’s clothes.
      • Judah sent the goat back via his friend but he couldn’t find the woman. He asked all the men around where she was. Nobody knew what he was talking about. He reported back to Judah
      • Judah thought it wasn’t too bad because he gave her what she asked for & he did make the effort to try to give her the goat.
      • 3 months later, he hear that his daughter-in-law, Tamar, was guilty of prostitution & was now pregnant
        • Judah thought she should be burnt to death
        • As she was being brought out, she sent a message to Judah, saying that she was pregnant by the man who owed this seal & cord
        • Judah saw them & realized that she was more righteous than he was because he didn’t fulfill his promise to give her Shelah
        • When Tamar was giving birth, she had 2 twin boys. The midwife took a red thread & tied it around the one who had stuck his hand out on the way out. But the other one came out first. They named the first completely born son Perez (“breaking out”). The one with the thread on his wrist was named Zerah (“scarlet”)

Chapter 39

  • Joseph was down in Egypt as a slave to Potiphar, an official of the Pharaoh.
    • God was with him & his master, Potiphar knew this & made his attendant, in charge of his entire household. Because Joseph was protected by God, the household & Potiphar did very well
    • Joseph was a good-looking guy & Potiphar’s wife liked him. She told him to go to bed with her
    • Joseph didn’t want to know. He was his master’s trusted servant & such an act would be a betrayal & an affront to God. He refused
    • Another day, he was working around the house & the house was empty, except the wife. She grabbed him by the coat & told him to go to bed with her. He slipped out of his coat & ran out of the house.
      • She was so pissed off at this that she called in the other servants & made up a story about him trying to rape her but that he ran off once she started screaming.
    • The master came home & she told him the same story. The master put him in the same prison where the king put his prisoners
      • In prison, God smiled on him & got the warden to be nice to him. The warden even trusted him in running the prison
        • Joseph was so good with God on his side, the warden didn’t have a care in the world

Chapter 40

  • Later, the Egyptian king’s cupbearer & baker pissed him off. They were put into the same prison where Joseph was & the warden made them Joseph’s responsibility
    • The 2 men each had a dream on the same night, each with a different meaning of its own
    • They wanted the dreams to be interpreted. He’d try it out
      • The cupbearer saw a vine with 3 branches. It blossomed in front of him, he picked the grapes & squeezed them into the Pharaoh’s cup & gave it to Pharaoh
        • Joseph said: The 3 branches meant 3 days. In 3 days, the Pharaoh would restore him to his old job & he’d be bringing the Pharaoh his wine again. Just remember how nice I was when you were in here
      • The baker said in his dream he had 3 baskets of bread on his head. In the top basket were baked goods for the Pharaoh but the birds kept eating them
        • Joseph said: The 3 baskets were 3 days. Within 3 days, the Pharaoh will have your head chopped off & impale your body with a pole. The birds will eat your flesh
      • On the third day, it was the Pharaoh’s birthday & he had a feast with all his officials. He restored the cupbearer but he had the head chopped off of the baker – just as Joseph said would happen
        • But the cupbearer forgot all about Joseph

Chapter 41

  • 2 years had passed & the Pharaoh had a dream. He was standing by the Nile. 7 nice-looking cows came out of the river to graze on the reeds. 7 sickly cows followed them & came by the riverside. They ate the nice-looking cows. Then the Pharaoh woke up
    • He had another dream. 7 healthy heads of grain grew on a single stalk. After them, 7 thin & scorched grains sprouted. The thin grains swallowed up the healthy ones. Then he woke up
    • The dreams bothered him so much that he called for all magicians & wise men in Egypt to interpret the dreams & none of them could do it
    • The cupbearer suddenly remembered the young Hebrew who correctly interpreted his dream & the dream of the old baker
    • The Pharaoh summoned Joseph, who had a quick rinse & a shave before arriving
      • Joseph said that he couldn’t do it but God would give the Pharaoh the answer he wanted.
      • The Pharaoh recounted his dreams to Joseph & asked him what they were about
      • Joseph said the dreams were a revelation from God as to what he was about to do. 7 healthy cows & 7 healthy stalks of grain were 7 years of abundance in Egypt. But the 7 sickly cows & the 7 sickly stalks of grain were 7 years of famine that would happen in Egypt afterwards. God would be doing this soon.
      • Joseph said the Pharaoh ought to put someone very wise in charge of the country. In every year of abundance, they ought to put 1/5 of the harvest away & use it during the years of the famine
      • The Pharaoh thought this was wise & put Joseph in charge of Egypt. He gave him his signet ring, a gold chain & nice clothes. He also gave him a new name, Zaphenath-Paneah & a wife, Asenath, daughter of the priest of Heliopolis. Joseph was 30 years old at the time
    • During his time in charge, there were 7 years of abundance. Joseph made sure that enough grain was stored. So much so that it could hardly be measured
      • Before the famine, he had 2 sons. The first was Manasseh (“to forget”) because God made him forget all his trouble. The 2nd was Ephraim (“twice fruitful”) because he was fruitful in the land of his suffering
      • The 7 years of abundance were up & the 7 years of famine began, just as Joseph said they would. After the people started feeling the effects of the famine, the Pharaoh told the people to go ask Joseph what to do
      • Joseph opened the storehouses & sold the grain. The whole world came to Egypt to buy grain because the famine was terrible everywhere but only Egypt had grain

Chapter 42

  • Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt & told his sons to go down to Egypt & buy some grain because they were starving
    • 10 of them went down there, except Benjamin because he might be harmed
    • They showed up & bowed to the governor, Joseph. He recognized them & barked at them: Where are you from? Why are you here?
    • They answered: From Canaan to buy grain because we’re starving.
    • Joseph recognized them but they didn’t recognize him. He declared them to be spies to see where the country was unprotected. They insisted that they were just there to buy grain
      • They said they were brothers. The youngest brother was too young to come & stayed at home. Another brother was dead
      • Joseph said they were spies & they would be tested. They wouldn’t be able to leave unless the youngest brother came there. 1 of them was to go fetch the youngest. The rest of them would stay in prison. It was a test
      • After 3 days, Joseph said to them: If you’re honest, let one brother stay here in prison. The rest of you can take grain back. But you have to bring back your youngest brother
        • They thought they were being punished because their youngest brother pleaded for his life & they didn’t listen
        • Reuben reminded them he told them not to do anything to him. Now they were being punished.
        • The brothers had no idea that Joseph could understand them since he’d been speaking to them through an interpreter. Joseph had to step away to have a good cry. Once he pulled himself together, he spoke to them. He took Simeon & had him bound
        • He told the others to fill their bags with grain & load the donkeys up with their bags & they left. Joseph had their silver put back in their sacks without them knowing it
        • One of them noticed that his silver had been put back. They began to get worried that the governor might kill Simeon
        • Once they showed up in Canaan, they told Jacob the story of their time in Egypt. They emptied the sacks & saw that all of their silver had been put back in the sacks.
        • Jacob began to freak out. They’d killed Joseph. They left Simeon as a prisoner & now they were taking Benjamin.
        • Reuben told him, they had to otherwise Simeon was going to be in trouble. Jacob did not want Benjamin to go down to Egypt

Chapter 43

  • They had eaten all the grain they’d brought up there. Jacob told them to go back down to Egypt & buy some more grain
    • Judah reminded Jacob that they were not to come back without Benjamin. If he wasn’t going to go, none of them was going to go
    • Jacob asked them why they told the governor they had another brother. They answered he was asking about their relatives – father, brothers, etc. They had no idea that he’d want to have us cart our other brother down there
    • Judah said that he wanted to go down to Egypt with Benjamin & he’d be responsible for him. They were already late in going down as it was
    • Israel relented. But he made sure that they brought him the best gifts they could: balm, honey, spices, myrrh, pistachios, almonds. They were also to take twice the amount of silver they had originally brought down.
    • They did as their father said. They showed up at Joseph’s place. He ordered a meal to be prepared for them at noon
      • The brothers were worried that this was an elaborate ruse to make them slaves & take their donkeys
    • At Joseph’s house, they confessed that they had come down to buy food. They had loaded their bags full of food & accidentally brought back the silver they meant to buy the food with. They had brought more to buy more food
      • Joseph said that it was all right. Their God had given them the silver in their bags. He brought out Simeon. They prepared themselves for the meal & presented their gifts to Joseph
      • Joseph asked about their father – how he was, if he was still living, etc. They said he was alive & well
      • He looked at Benjamin & asked if he was the youngest brother they hadn’t come with the first time. He had to step outside to cry because he was teary about seeing Benjamin
      • The food was served. The Egyptians ate separately from the Hebrews because Egyptians didn’t like eating with Jews. When the portions were meted out, Benjamin had five times as much food as anyone else

Chapter 44

  • Joseph told the steward of the house to fill the men’s sacks up with as much food as they could carry back. Put each man’s silver back into his sack. But in the youngest one’s sack, put a silver cup in it
    • The men left in the morning. Joseph told his steward to find the men & ask them why they repaid good with evil – They had stolen his silver drinking & divining cup
    • They had no clue what the steward was talking about. They had brought back the silver, why would they have stolen it again? They said that the servants could search the sacks. The one with the stolen goods could be put to death. The others could be taken as slaves.
      • They each opened their bags & eventually the cup turned up in Benjamin’s bag. They all went back to the city
      • Joseph asked them what they had done. Didn’t they know that he could figure things out through divination?
      • Judah asked how they could prove their innocence
      • Joseph said the one who was found to have the cup would be his slave & the rest could go back to their father in peace
      • Judah asked to speak. He had said that the governor had asked if they had a brother or a father. They answered they had an older father & younger brother born to him in his old age. They also had another brother dead. The the governor asked to bring him down or there’d be big trouble. Their father told him to bring the youngest one back otherwise it would tear their father apart. Judah said it would be all his fault if they failed. He begged the governor to let him go back to his father with his younger brother

Chapter 45

  • Joseph couldn’t keep up the charade anymore. He told his servants to go away & leave him with the brothers. He cried so hard that the Egyptians heard him outside the room
    • Joseph revealed himself & asked if Jacob/Israel was still living. The brothers were too afraid to answer. He repeated himself that he was their brother – the one they sold into slavery. But he told them not to be worried but God had sent him down to save lives.
      • There had been a famine for 2 years & there wouldn’t be farming for another 5 years. So, God sent me here to preserve you some of the grain.
      • Go back to our father & tell him that God has made him lord of all Egypt. You should come down to the land of Goshen. He’d provide for them because there’d be 5 more years of famine. He hugged Benjamin & they all had a good cry.
        • The Pharaoh got wind of Joseph’s family showing up. He & the other officials were all pleased. The Pharaoh told them to bring their families & animals down. They would be provided for.
        • They were given carts & new clothes. Benjamin got 300 shekels of silver & 5 sets of clothes. 10 donkeys were loaded with the finest Egyptian wares. 10 female donkeys were loaded with grain
        • The brothers arrived in Canaan & told Jacob that Joseph was still alive & the governor of Egypt. They were to go live with him in Egypt. Jacob was ready to go

Chapter 46

  • Israel offered sacrifices to God before setting out.
    • God came to him in a dream. He told him not to be afraid to go down to Egypt. He would have a great nation down there & he would be brought back again. Joseph’s own hand would close his eyes
    • They loaded up all the carts & put the livestock on board, with all the family & left for Egypt
    • Here were the sons of Israel:
      • Born to Leah (also including a daughter, Dinah):
        • Reuben → Hanok, Pallu, Hezron & Karmi
        • Simeon → Jemeul, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar & Shaul
        • Levi → Gershon, Kohath & Merari
        • Judah → Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez & Zerah
          • Perez → Hezron & Hamul
        • Issachar → Tola, Puah, Jashub & Shimron
        • Zebulun → Sered, Elon & Jahleel
      • Born to Zilpah, Leah’s servant:
        • Gad → Zephon, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi & Areli
        • Asher →Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi & Beriah – & sister Serah
          • Berah → Heber & Malkiel
      • Born to Rachel:
        • Joseph → Manasseh & Ephraim
        • Benjamin → Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim & Ard
      • Born to Bilhah, Rachel’s servant:
        • Dan → Hushim
        • Naphtali → Jahziel, Guni, Jezer & Shillem
      • Everyone above who was alive & not already in Egypt, picked up & left for Egypt – 70 in all
      • They arrived in Goshen & were greeted by Joseph. He told them the Pharaoh allotted them some land in Goshen

Chapter 47

  • Joseph told the Pharaoh that his family had arrived & were now living in Goshen. He brought 5 brothers to present to the Pharaoh.
    • The Pharaoh asked them what their business was. They answered that their family had always been shepherds & that they came because there were no pastures in Canaan
    • The Pharaoh said they could look after his own flock. He asked how old Jacob was & he answered 130.
      • Jacob blessed the Pharaoh & left.
    • Joseph got his father & brothers some property in the district of Rameses, with an adequate supply of food
  • The famine was getting worse & both Egypt & Canaan were wasting away. Joseph had been taking the money that had come in from grain sales & bringing it to the Pharoah. Now that the money was all dried up, the whole country was begging Joseph for food because they had no more money
    • He offered to exchange the food for livestock.
    • The next year, it was the same story. They were hungry & had no money or livestock. They offered themselves as slaves & their land to the Pharaoh in exchange for food
    • The Egyptians were now slaves to their Pharoah & the Pharaoh owned all of the land.
      • But Joseph did not buy the land of the priests because they received food as payment
    • Joseph said to the people that now that they belonged to the Pharaoh, they were to take seed & plant it. When it was time to harvest it, they were to give 1/5 to the Pharaoh & keep the other 4/5
    • The Israelites settled in Goshen & were able to buy some property & started expanding in number
      • Jacob lived in Egypt 17 years. When his time to die was approaching, he called Joseph in to speak with him
        • Jacob: I know you’re a faithful son but I want you to promise not to bury me here in Egypt. Bury me back in Canaan with my ancestors
        • Joseph agreed

Chapter 48

  • Joseph was told that Jacob was nearing the end. He took his 2 sons, Manasseh & Ephraim to see him.
    • Jacob saw that Joseph had come to visit & it perked him up
    • Jacob said that God appeared to him at Luz & told him that he would be fruitful & multiply, & that he’d give him the land for his descendants
    • He continued: Your sons born here in Egypt are a part of our group. Their kids will be yours & they will inherit our land in Canaan. I buried Rachel there near Ephrath (Bethlehem)
    • Jacob blessed Joseph’s sons. He said to Joseph that he’d never expected to see his face again. & now he was able to see his sons’ faces
    • Joseph took Ephraim & put him on Jacob’s left hand & Manasseh on his right.
      • Jacob blessed Ephraim even though Manasseh was the firstborn. He then blessed Joseph.
      • Joseph got upset that Ephraim was blessed in the wrong order & told Jacob that Manasseh was the eldest
        • Jacob knew what he was doing. The younger one would be the greater of the 2 & his descendants would be a group of nations.
        • Jacob said to Joseph that he was about to die & wanted God to take Joseph back to the land of his fathers. He gave him an extra ridge of land beyond what his brothers got – the one he took from the Amorites by force

Chapter 49

  • Jacob called his sons in to bless them
    • Reuben – He would no longer excel because he defile Jacob’s bed
    • Simeon & Levi – They have killed men in anger. They would be cursed for their anger
    • Judah – He has a great reputation among his brothers but has a stupid way of doing things
    • Zebulun – will live near the sea & make a haven for ships. His land will extend to Sidon
    • Issachar – is strong as an ox. He will work so hard that he’d even work for free as a slave
    • Dan – will provide justice for his people. But he is a snake in the grass
    • Gad – will be attacked by raiders but he’ll fight back
    • Asher – will be a great farmer & make food good enough for a king
    • Naphtali – is a gentle creature & will have gentle kids
    • Joseph – is a fruitful vine that climbs over a wall. The enemy tries to defeat him but he is stronger because God blesses him in everything he does & everywhere he goes
    • Benjamin – is ravenous. He eats his prey & divvies up the plunder
  • Jacob was ready to die & he gave his family instructions.
    • He was to be buried in the cave of Machpelah that Abraham had bought to bury Sarah. All his ancestors are buried there.
    • He died

Chapter 50

  • Joseph was all broken up about Jacob’s death. But he brought himself together to direct the doctors to embalm him. It took 40 days. The Egyptians mourned him for 70 days
    • After the mourning period was over, Joseph said to the Pharaoh’s court that his father made him swear an oath to bury him in a tomb in Canaan. He wanted to go up there to carry out his wishes. The Pharaoh allowed it
    • Many dignitaries of Egypt went along with him & his family. Only the children stayed behind to mind the flocks
    • They reached Atad near the Jordan river & the sight of Egyptians scared the Canaaites. But they realized it was for a burial. Jacob was buried in the cave of Machpelah.
    • Joseph & company went back to Goshen
  • Joseph’s brothers wondered to each other if he was going to take revenge on them for all the terrible things they’d said & done to him.
    • They sent him a message saying that Jacob’s last words to them were to tell Joseph to forgive his brothers. Joseph cried at the message
    • They threw themselves at his feet saying, they were his slaves.
    • Joseph said they had no need to be afraid. While they intended to harm him, God intended the action to save many lives. He would provide for them
  • Joseph remained in Egypt with the whole family, living to be 110 years, seeing his great-great-grandchildren
    • Joseph told his family that he was about to die & that God would surely help them out. When he was about to die he made them swear to bury him away from Egypt
    • He died, was embalmed & place in a coffin in Egypt

Author: knowit68

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