“Genesis” from the Old Testament of the Bible

“Genesis” from the Old Testament of the Bible Chapter 1 Day 1: God created heaven & earth. But the earth had no form & there was nothing but darkness. God made light to break up the darkness. The light would be called day & the darkness would be called night. Day 2: He then made… Read more “Genesis” from the Old Testament of the Bible

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 3 – The March to Kurdestan

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 3 – The March to Kurdestan Chapter 1 – Xenophon Takes the Initiative With generals & captains either caught or killed, the Greeks were leaderless & without hope of getting supplies.,1000 miles from home & surrounded by hostile troops & people If they fought & won, they… Read more Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 3 – The March to Kurdestan

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 2 – The Greeks are Isolated

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 2 – The Greeks are Isolated Chapter 1 – The King’s Messenger The Greek generals met up with no clue where Cyrus was & nobody to tell them. They decided to pack up & move toward where they thought he’d end up Finally, they were told… Read more Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 2 – The Greeks are Isolated

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 1 – The Attempt of Cyrus

The Persian Expedition (Anabasis) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 1 – The Attempt of Cyrus Chapter 1 – Cyrus Builds Up His Army Darius & Parysatis’s sons (1- Artaxerxes, 2 – Cyrus) Darius was dying & Cyrus had to be sent for. He came with Persian friend, Tissaphernes & Greek underling Xenias with 300 Hoplites Darius… Read more Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 1 – The Attempt of Cyrus

“Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals” or “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals” by Immanuel Kant (1785) – Part 1

“Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals” or “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals” by Immanuel Kant (1785) – Part 1 Preface Ancient Greek Philosophy had 3 sciences: Physics, Ethics & Logic. All knowledge is either material or formal Material: considers some object. Material philosophy has to do with determinate objects & the laws they’re… Read more “Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals” or “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals” by Immanuel Kant (1785) – Part 1

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,14 January 1638

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,14 January 1638 The People of Windsor, Hartford, & Wethersfield near the Connecticut River wish to establish a peaceful union in an orderly government according to God & to deal with the people’s affairs in a public state or commonwealth in order to maintain the liberty & purity of the gospel, the… Read more Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,14 January 1638

Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629

Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629 The governor, company & their successors agree that from now on, there’ll be one governor, one deputy governor & 18 assistants to be chosen from the freemen within the company This election will order general business & affairs of the territory under its charter granted by the Crown The first… Read more Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629

The Virginia Declaration of Rights (June 12, 1776)

The Virginia Declaration of Rights (June 12, 1776) All men by nature are free & independent. They have certain inherent right, which can’t be taken away in society – enjoyment of life & property, acquiring & possessing property, & pursuing & obtaining happiness All the power of representatives are vested in magistrates who are the… Read more The Virginia Declaration of Rights (June 12, 1776)

An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England for a Council of State and General Assembly (24 July 1621)

An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England for a Council of State and General Assembly (24 July 1621) We’re trying to establish self-government in Virginia to help the people here to address injustice, grievances & oppression – or to avoid them by establishing supreme councils to assist the governor & increase strength,… Read more An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England for a Council of State and General Assembly (24 July 1621)

The Third Virginia Charter (1612)

The Third Virginia Charter (1612) King James offers a charter to adventurous subjects in the colony of Virginia, to push Christianity, civilization & to make money. These settlers should form a body politic with the cooperation of the Virginia Company We grant letters patents to settlers between Virginia in Cape/Point Comfort & sea coasts northward… Read more The Third Virginia Charter (1612)

The King Overrides Virginia’s Objections to the Grant Given Lord Baltimore (1629-1633)

The King Overrides Virginia’s Objections to the Grant Given Lord Baltimore (1629-1633) July 3, 1633 – to Lords Commissioners for Foreign Plantation Virginia planters object to a grant given to others reapportioning their lands, which may create problems with trade, government, etc. Lord Baltimore was one of the grantees. Baltimore & Virginia planters need to… Read more The King Overrides Virginia’s Objections to the Grant Given Lord Baltimore (1629-1633)

“Complaints Against New England” (1632-1638)

“Complaints Against New England” (1632-1638) Petitions & complaints grew due to desire for a more orderly government, especially since it used to be more orderly & now it isn’t People of Massachusetts, being obedient to the kind, still wish to be so even if they’ve left the country. We’re upset that the Lords have recalled… Read more “Complaints Against New England” (1632-1638)

“The Planters’ Plea” by John White (1630)

“The Planters’ Plea” by John White (1630) Topic: New England is a great place to put an English colony & grow our religion We’ve had good contact with the native. There’s good soil, fishing & fur. Before our rift with Spain, we sent 40-50 a year just for fishing. Now the discovery of Newfoundland is… Read more “The Planters’ Plea” by John White (1630)

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 2 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 2 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755) Part 2 The man who put up a fence around a plot of land & said “this is mine” was the founder of civil society. It should have been ignored but the natural way of life probably necessitated the… Read more “Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 2 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 1 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755) Dedication to Geneva I’m glad to be from Geneva & in this discourse I reflect on equality & inequality The best place to live is where: Society is proportionate to human limitations The sovereign & people’s interest are the same &… Read more “Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 1 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 9-12)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 9-12) Chapter 9 Gulliver was there during the council meetings which his master attended & reported to him that they debated the extermination of Yahoos The Case for Extermination: They are filthy, noisy, deformed, lazy unteachable, mischievous… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 9-12)

Disagreements With the Virginia Company (1623)

Disagreements With the Virginia Company (1623) There’s been talk among the farmers, sea captains, sailors & others in Virginia & there have been many concerns. Some of them are brought up here, coupled with some answers from the “company men”. This was sent off the to company HQ back in England 1 – Plantations were… Read more Disagreements With the Virginia Company (1623)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 5-8)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 5-8) Gulliver realized he made humans look worse than Yahoos. He had become so enamored with the Houyhnhnms in all things that he overemphasized human faults & downplayed its strengths. The master, having fully digested all of… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 5-8)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 1-4)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 1-4) Gulliver stayed at home for 5 months before leaving his pregnant wife to be a captain of a 350 ton ship. They left Portsmouth for the Canary Islands, where he hired a bunch of hands,  who… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 1-4)

Letters from Don Pedro de Zuniga, the Spanish Ambassador to England, to the King of Spain, 1607

Letters from Don Pedro de Zuniga, the Spanish Ambassador to England, to the King of Spain, 1607 September 22: There was a ship going from Plymouth to Virginia that has returned & is planning to go back with more farmers & merchants wishing to set up shop It’s a good site for privateers to attack… Read more Letters from Don Pedro de Zuniga, the Spanish Ambassador to England, to the King of Spain, 1607