Year 1

  1. Plato – Apology
  2. Plato – Crito
  3. Aristophanes – Clouds
  4. Aristophanes – Lysistrata
  5. Plato – Republic
  6. Aristotle – Ethics (Book 1)
  7. Aristotle – Politics (Book 1)
  8. Plutarch – The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans
  9. New Testament – The Gospel According to Saint Matthew
  10. New Testament – The Acts of the Apostles
  11. St. Augustine – Confessions (Book 1-8)
  12. Machiavelli – The Prince
  13. Rabelais – Gargantua and Pantagruel
    1. Book 1
    2. Book 2
  14. Montaigne – Essays
  15. Shakespeare – Hamlet
  16. Locke – Concerning Civil Government (2nd Essay)
  17. Rousseau – The Social Contract
  18. Gibbon – The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  19. The Declaration of Independence
  20. The Constitution of the United States
  21. The Federalist
  22. Smith – The Wealth of Nations (Introduction – Book 1, Chapter 9)
  23. Marx & Engels – Manifesto of the Communist Party

Year 2

  1. Homer – The Iliad
  2. Aeschylus – Agamemnon
  3. Aeschylus – Choephoroe
  4. Aeschylus – Eumenides
  5. Sophocles – Oedipus the King
  6. Sophocles – Antigone
  7. Herodotus – The History (Book 1[Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10], Book 2)
  8. Plato – Meno
  9. Aristotle – Poetics
  10. Aristotle – Ethics
  11. Nicomachus – Introduction to Arithmetic
  12. Lucretius – On the Nature of Things
  13. Marcus Aurelius – Meditations
  14. Hobbes – Leviathan Part 1
  15. Milton – Areopagitica
  16. Pascal – Pensées
  17. Pascal – Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle
  18. Swift – Gulliver’s Travels
  19. Rousseau – A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
  20. Kant – Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
  21. Mill – On Liberty

Year 3

  1. Aeschylus – Prometheus Bound
  2. Herodotus – The History
    1. Book 7, “Polymnia”
      1. 1-55 – Persian Preparations
      2. 56-137 – Persians Cross into Europe
      3. 138-239 – Battle of Thermopylae
    2. Book 8, “Urania”
      1. 1-39 – Naval Battle of Artemisium
      2. 40-96 – Naval Battle of Salamis
      3. 97-144 – Winter
    3. Book 9, “Calliope”
      1. 1-89 – Battle of Platea;
      2. 90-113 – Liberation of Asia Minor;
      3. 114-122 – Foundation of the Athenian Empire
  3. Thucydides – The History of the Peloponnesian War
  4. Plato – Statesman
  5. Aristotle – On Interpretation (Chapter 1-10)
  6. Aristotle – Politics
  7. Euclid – Elements (Book 1)
  8. Tacitus – The Annals
    1. Book 1 – A.D. 14-15
      1. 1.1‑15 Death and funeral of Augustus; accession of Tiberius.
      2. 1.16‑30 Drusus and the mutiny of the Pannonian legions.
      3. 1.31‑54 Germanicus and the mutiny of the German legions.
      4. 1.55‑71 The war in Germany.
      5. 1.72‑81 Intrigues in Rome.
    2. Book 2 – A.D. 16-19
      1. 2.1‑26 More war in Germany.
      2. 2.27‑46 The opposition in Rome to Tiberius: Libo Drusus, Piso, and Asinius Gallus.
      3. 2.47‑88 Intrigues in Rome; Tacfarinas’ revolt in Numidia; Germanicus’ grand tour through Asia as special foreign affairs envoy. Piso against Germanicus, and death of Germanicus, poison widely suspected.
    3. Book 3 – A.D. 20-22
      1. 3.1‑19 Rome after Germanicus: eulogies, intrigues, and adjustment.
      2. 3.20‑39 Roman domestic politics and legal matters.
      3. 3.40‑55 Revolt in Gaul. Intrigues in Rome.
      4. 3.56‑76 Intrigues in Rome: Tiberius against Silanus. Tacfarinas’ revolt in Numidia, continued.
    4. Book 4 – A.D. 23-28
      1. 4.1‑22 Intrigues in Rome: the continued rise of Sejanus, who poisons Drusus. Prosecutions of C. Silius and others.
      2. 4.23‑31 The war against Tacfarinas finally over. More prosecutions.
      3. 4.32‑45 The beginning of the fall of Sejanus.
      4. 4.46‑56 War in Thrace. Plots set in motion against Agrippina.
      5. 4.57‑75 Tiberius abandons the capital for Campania. Fire on the Coelian Hill in Rome. Condemnation of Titius Sabinus.
    5. Book 5 – A.D. 29-31 – The death of the dowager Empress Livia
    6. Book 6 – A.D. 32-37
      1. 6.1‑27 The purges after the fall of Sejanus.
      2. 6.28‑51 Parthian War, centered on Armenia. Fire on the Aventine Hill in Rome. Death of Tiberius.
    7. Book 11 – A.D. 47-48
      1. 11.1‑15 Claudius is emperor. In Rome, Suillius prosecutes many. Turmoil in Armenia.
      2. 11.16‑38 Corbulo settles a Frisian revolt. Senatorial rights extended to the provinces. Debaucheries and execution of Messalina.
    8. Book 12 – A.D. 48-54
      1. 12.1‑40 Claudius remarries. Adjustments with Parthia. Nero adopted. The pomerium enlarged. War in Britain against Caratacus.
      2. 12.41‑69 The young Nero groomed to succeed Claudius. Disorders in Armenia. Extravagant inauguration of the draining of Lake Fucinus, which turned out a massive failure. Death of Claudius, maybe by poison.
    9. Book 13 – A.D. 54-58
      1. 13.1‑30 Nero becomes emperor and starts his slide into lust and cruelty; the murder of Britannicus. Continued trouble with Parthia over Armenia.
      2. 13.31‑58 Disaster to Roman arms in Armenia, partly saved by Corbulo. Revolts and wars among the Germans.
    10. Book 14 – A.D. 59-62
      1. 14.1‑28 Nero murders his mother Agrippina. Nero exhibits himself as a charioteer. Institution of the Neronia. Corbulo composes Armenian difficulties in favor of Rome, at least for the time being.
      2. 14.29‑39 In Britain, the Icenian revolt under Boudicca.
      3. 14.40‑65 Criminal trials and political purges in Rome. Murder of Rubellius Plautus and of the 20‑year‑old Octavia.
    11. Book 15 – A.D. 62-65
      1. 15.1‑32 Roman defeat in Armenia, although “spun” as a victory; followed, however, by a further adjustment with Parthia in which the Parthian king Tiridates travels to Rome to become a nominal vassal of Rome.
      2. 15.33‑47 Nero exhibits himself as a singer and a harpist. The Great Fire of Rome; Christians are executed as scapegoats.
      3. 15.48‑74 Piso’s conspiracy: it fails.
    12. Book 16 – A.D. 65-66 – Nero seeks to destroy the Stoic opposition: murder of Paetus and Soranus.
  9. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part I-II, QQ 90-97)
    • Treatise on Law:
      • Q.90 – Of the Essence of Law
      • Q.91 – Of the Various Kinds of Law
      • Q.92 – Of the Effects of Law
      • Q.93 – Of the Eternal Law
      • Q.94 – Of the Natural Law
      • Q.95 – Of Human Law
      • Q.96 – Of the Power of Human Law
      • Q.97 – Of Change in Laws
  10. Chaucer – Troilus and Cressida
  11. Shakespeare – Macbeth
    1. Act 1
    2. Act 2
    3. Act 3
    4. Act 4
    5. Act 5
  12. Milton – Paradise Lost
    1. Book 1
    2. Book 2
    3. Book 3
    4. Book 4
    5. Book 5
    6. Book 6
    7. Book 7
    8. Book 8
    9. Book 9
    10. Book 10
    11. Book 11
    12. Book 12
  13. Locke – An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Book III, Ch. 1-3, 9-11)
  14. Kant – Science of Right
  15. Mill – Representative Government (Chapter 1-6)
  16. Lavoisier – Elements of Chemistry (Part 1)
  17. Dostoevsky – The Brothers Karamazov
    • Part 1
    • Part 2
  18. Freud – The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis

Year 4

  1. Euripides – Medea
  2. Euripides – Hippolytus
  3. Euripides – Trojan Women
  4. Euripides – The Bacchantes
  5. Plato – Republic
    • Book 6
    • Book 7
  6. Plato – Theaetetus
  7. Aristotle – Physic (Book 4)
  8. Aristotle – Metaphysics
    • Book I, Ch. 1-2;
    • Book IV;
    • Book VI, Ch. 1;
    • Book XI, Ch. 1-4
  9. St. Augustine – Confessions (Book 9-13)
  10. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part I, QQ 16-17, 84-88)
    • Q.16 – Of Truth
    • Q.17 – Of Falsity
    • Q.84 – How the Soul While United to the Body Understands Corporeal Things Beneath It
    • Q.85 – Of the Mode & Order of Understanding
    • Q.86 – What Our Intellect Knows in Material Things
    • Q.87 – How the Intellectual Soul Knows Itself & All Within Itself
    • Q.88 – How the Human Soul Knows What is Above Itself
  11. Montaigne – Apology for Raymond de Sebonde
  12. Galileo – Two New Sciences (Third Day, through Scholium of Theorem II)
  13. Bacon – Novum Organum (Preface, Book I)
  14. Descartes – Discourse on the Method
  15. Newton – Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
    • Prefaces
    • Definitions
    • Axioms
    • General Scholium
  16. Locke – An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Book 2)
  17. Hume – An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
  18. Kant – Critique of Pure Reason (Prefaces, Introduction, Transcendental Aesthetic)
  19. Melville – Moby Dick
  20. Dostoevsky – The Brothers Karamazov
    • Part 3,
    • Part 4
  21. James – Principles of Psychology
    • Chapter 15
    • Chapter 20

Year 5

  1. Plato – Phaedo
  2. Aristotle – Categories
  3. Aristotle – On the Soul (Book 2, Chapter 1-3), Book 3)
  4. Hippocrates
    • The Oath;
    • On Ancient Medicine;
    • On Airs, Waters, and Places;
    • The Book of Prognostics;
    • Of the Epidemics;
    • The Law;
    • On the Sacred Disease
  5. Galen – On the Natural Faculties
  6. Virgil – The Aeneid
  7. Ptolemy – The Almagest (Book 1, Chapter 1-8)
  8. Copernicus – Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (Introduction – Book 1, Chapter 11)
  9. Kepler – Epitome of Copernican Astronomy (Book 4, Part 2, Chapter 1-2)
  10. Plotinus – Sixth Ennead
  11. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part I, QQ 75-76, 78-79)
  12. Dante – The Divine Comedy (Hell)
  13. Harvey – The Motion of the Heart and Blood
  14. Cervantes – Don Quixote (Part 1)
  15. Spinoza – Ethics (Part 2)
  16. Berkeley – The Principles of Human Knowledge
  17. Kant – Critique of Pure Reason (Transcendental Analytic)
  18. Darwin – The Origin of Species (Introduction – Chapter 6, Chapter 15)
  19. Tolstoy – War and Peace
    • Book 1
    • Book 2
    • Book 3
    • Book 4
    • Book 5
    • Book 6
    • Book 7
    • Book 8
  20. James – Principles of Psychology (Chapter 28)

Year 6

  1. Old Testament – Genesis
  2. Old Testament – Exodus
  3. Old Testament – Deuteronomy
  4. Homer – The Odyssey
    • Book 1
    • Book 2
    • Book 3
    • Book 4
    • Book 5
    • Book 6
    • Book 7
    • Book 8
    • Book 9
    • Book 10
    • Book 11
    • Book 12
    • Book 13
    • Book 14
    • Book 15
    • Book 16
    • Book 17
    • Book 18
    • Book 19
    • Book 20
    • Book 21
    • Book 22
    • Book 23
    • Book 24
  5. Plato – Laws (Book 10)
  6. Aristotle – Metaphysics (Book 12)
  7. Tacitus – The Histories
    1. Book 1: January-March, A.D. 69
      1. 1.1‑49 The short reign of Galba.
      2. 1.50‑90 Otho, now emperor, prepares to take the field against the rival claimant Vitellius.
    2. Book 2: March-August, A.D. 69
      1. 2.1‑51 Otho’s forces are defeated by those of Vitellius at Bedriacum; Otho commits suicide.
      2. 2.52‑101 Vitellius now emperor, but yet another claimant, Vespasian, is raising troops in the Orient.
    3. Book 3: September-December, A.D. 69
      1. 3.1‑25 Vitellius’ forces challenged by Vespasian’s in Italy.
      2. 3.26‑62 Vitellius’ forces give way rather fast, eventually only holding Rome and the Latium.
      3. 3.63‑86 Vitellius murdered in Rome by troops favoring Vespasian.
    4. Book 4: January-November, A.D. 70
      1. 4.1‑37 Batavian units in the Roman army revolt under Civilis.
      2. 4.38‑53 Politics and maneuvering in Vespasian’s Rome and in the eastern theater of operations.
      3. 4.54‑79 The Batavian War with Civilis, continued.
      4. 4.80‑89 A view into the psyche and concerns of Vespasian and his son Domitian.
    5. Book 5: A.D. 70
      1. 5.1‑13 The beginning of the Judaean War under Titus.
      2. 5.14‑26 The end of the Batavian War, more or less — although the fate of Civilis is left hanging as our manuscripts abruptly fail.
  8. Plotinus – Fifth Ennead
  9. St. Augustine – The City of God
    • Book 15
    • Book 16
    • Book 17
    • Book 18
  10. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part I, QQ 1-13)
  11. Dante – The Divine Comedy (Purgatory)
  12. Shakespeare – Comedy of Errors
  13. Shakespeare – The Taming of the Shrew
  14. Shakespeare – As You Like It
  15. Shakespeare – The Twelfth Night
  16. Spinoza – Ethics (Part 1)
  17. Milton – Samson Agonistes
  18. Pascal – The Provincial Letters
  19. Locke – An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Book 4)
  20. Gibbon – The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2
    • Chapter 3
    • Chapter 4
    • Chapter 5
  21. Kant – Critique of Pure Reason (Transcendental Dialectic)
  22. Hegel – Philosophy of History (Introduction)
  23. Tolstoy – War and Peace
    • Book 9
    • Book 10
    • Book 11
    • Book 12
    • Book 13
    • Book 14
    • Book 15
    • Epilogues

Year 7

  1. Old Testament – Job
  2. Old Testament – Isaiah
  3. Old Testament – Amos
  4. Plato – Symposium
  5. Plato – Philebus
  6. Aristotle – Ethics
  7. Archimedes
    • Measurement of a Circle
    • The Equilibrium of Planes (Book I)
    • The Sand-Reckoner
    • On Floating Bodies (Book I)
  8. Epictetus – Discourses
    1. Book 1
    2. Book 2
    3. Book 3
    4. Book 4
  9. Plotinus – First Ennead
  10. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part I-II, QQ 1-5)
  11. Dante – The Divine Comedy (Paradise)
  12. Rabelais – Gargantua and Pantagruel
    • Book 3
    • Book 4
  13. Shakespeare – Julius Caesar
  14. Shakespeare – Antony and Cleopatra
  15. Shakespeare – Coriolanus
  16. Galileo – Two New Sciences (First Day)
  17. Spinoza – Ethics
    • Part 4
    • Part 5
  18. Newton – Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (Book 3, Rules)
  19. Newton – Optics
    • Book 1, Part 1;
    • Book 3, Queries
  20. Huygens – Treatise on Light
  21. Kant – Critique of Practical Reason
  22. Kant – Critique of Judgment (Critique of Aesthetic Judgment)
  23. Mill – Utilitarianism

Year 8

  1. Aristophanes – Thesmophoriazusae
  2. Aristophanes – Ecclesiazusae
  3. Aristophanes – Plutus
  4. Plato – Gorgias
  5. Aristotle – Ethics (Book 5)
  6. Aristotle – Rhetoric (Book 1, Chapter 1 – Book 2, Chapter 1; Book 2, Chapter 20 – Book 3, Chapter 1; Book 3, Chapter 13-19)
  7. St. Augustine – On Christian Doctrine
  8. Hobbes – Leviathan (Part 2)
  9. Shakespeare – Othello
  10. Shakespeare – King Lear
  11. Bacon – Advancement of Learning (Book 1, Chapter 1 – Book 2, Chapter 11)
  12. Descartes – Meditations on the First Philosophy
  13. Spinoza – Ethics (Part 3)
  14. Locke – A Letter Concerning Toleration
  15. Rousseau – A Discourse on Political Economy
  16. Smith – The Wealth of Nations (Book 2)
  17. Boswell – The Life of Samuel Johnson
  18. Marx – Capital
    • Prefaces
    • Part 1
    • Part 2
  19. Goethe – Faust (Part 1)
  20. James – Principles of Psychology
    • Chapter 8
    • Chapter 9
    • Chapter 10
  21. Sterne – Tristam Shandy

Year 9

  1. Plato – The Sophist
  2. Thucydides – The History of the Peloponnesian War
    • Book 7
      • 21 – Eighteenth and Nineteenth Years of the War—Arrival of Gylippus at Syracuse—Fortification of Decelea—Successes of the Syracusans
      • 22 – Nineteenth Year of the War—Arrival of Demosthenes—Defeat of the Athenians at Epipolae—Folly and Obstinancy of Nicias
      • 23 – Nineteenth Year of the War—Battles in the Great Harbour—Retreat and Annihilation of the Athenian Army
    • Book 8
      • 24 – Nineteenth and Twentieth Years of the War—Revolt of Ionia— Intervention of Persia—The War in Ionia
      • 25 – Twentieth and Twenty-first Years of the War—Intrigues of Alcibiades—Withdrawal of the Persian Subsidies—Oligarchical Coup d’Etat at Athens—Patriotism of the Army at Samos
      • 26 – Twenty-first Year of the War—Recall of Alcibiades to Samos—Revolt of Euboea and Downfall of the Four Hundred—Battle of Cynossema
  3. Aristotle – Politics
    • Book 7
    • Book 8
  4. New Testament – The Gospel According to St. John
  5. New Testament – The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans
  6. New Testament – The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians
  7. St. Augustine – The City of God
    • Book 5
    • Book 19
  8. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part II-II, QQ 1-7)
  9. Gilbert – On the Loadstone
  10. Descartes – Rules for the Direction of the Mind
  11. Descartes – Geometry
  12. Pascal – The Great Experiment Concerning the Equilibrium of Fluids, On Geometrical Demonstration
  13. Montesquieu – The Spirit of Law
    • Book 1
    • Book 2
    • Book 3
    • Book 4
    • Book 5
    • Book 8
    • Book 11
    • Book 12
  14. Faraday – Experimental Researches in Electricity
    • Series 1
    • Series 2
  15. Faraday – A Speculation Touching Electric Conduction and the Nature of Matter
  16. Hegel – Philosophy of Right (Part 3)
  17. Marx – Capital
    • Part 3
    • Part 4
  18. Freud – Civilization and Its Discontents
  19. Apollonius – On Conic Sections
    • Book 1, Prop. 1-15
    • Book 3, Prop. 42-55
  20. Fielding – Tom Jones
  21. Fourier -Analytical Theory of Heat
    • Preliminary Discourse
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2

Year 10

  1. Sophocles – Ajax
  2. Sophocles – Electra
  3. Plato – Timaeus
  4. Aristotle – On the Parts of Animals (Book 1, Chapter 1 – Book 2, Chapter 1)
  5. Aristotle – On the Generation of Animals
    • Book 1
      • Chapter 1
      • Chapter 17
      • Chapter 18
      • Chapter 20
      • Chapter 21
      • Chapter 22
      • Chapter 23
  6. Lucretius – On the Nature of Things
    • Book 5
    • Book 6
  7. Virgil – The Eclogues
  8. Virgil – The Georgics
  9. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part I, QQ 65-74)
  10. St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologica (Part I, QQ 90-102)
  11. Chaucer – Canterbury Tales
    • Prologue
    • Knight’s Tale
    • Miller’s Prologue and Tale
    • Reeve’s Prologue and Tale
    • Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale
    • Friar’s Prologue and Tale
    • Summoner’s Prologue and Tale
    • Pardoner’s Prologue and Tale
  12. Shakespeare – The Tragedy of King Richard II
  13. Shakespeare – The First Part of King Henry IV
  14. Shakespeare – The Second Part of King Henry IV
  15. Shakespeare – The Life of King Henry V
  16. Harvey – On the Generation of Animals (Introduction – Exercise 62)
  17. Cervantes – Don Quixote (Part 2)
  18. Kant – Critique of Judgement (Critique of Teleological Judgement)
  19. Goethe – Faust (Part 2)
  20. Darwin – The Descent of Man (Part 1, Part 3, Chapter 21)
  21. Marx – Capital
    • Part 7
    • Part 8
  22. James – Principles of Psychology
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 5
    • Chapter 6
    • Chapter 7
  23. Freud – A General Introduction to Psycho-analysis
  24. Boswell – The Life of Samuel Johnson

Additional Texts

Year 1:

  1. Tocqueville – Democracy in America
  2. Ibsen – The Master Builder
  3. Schrödinger – What is Life?

Year 2:

  1. Voltaire – Candide
  2. Nietzsche – Beyond Good and Evil
  3. Whitehead – Science and the Modern World
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2
    • Chapter 3
    • Chapter 4
    • Chapter 5
    • Chapter 6

Year 3:

  1. Twain – Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  2. Lévi-Strauss – Structural Anthropology (Selections)
  3. Poincaré – Science and Hypothesis
    • Part 1
    • Part 2

Year 4:

  1. Calvin – Institutes of the Christian Religion (Book 3)
  2. Frazer – The Golden Bough (Selections)
  3. Heisenberg – Physics and Philosophy
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2
    • Chapter 3
    • Chapter 4
    • Chapter 5
    • Chapter 6

Year 5:

  1. Dewey – Experience and Education
  2. Waddington – The Nature of Life
  3. Orwell – Animal Farm

Year 6:

  1. Kierkegaard – Fear and Trembling
  2. Huizinga – The Waning of the Middle Ages
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2
    • Chapter 3
    • Chapter 4
    • Chapter 5
    • Chapter 6
    • Chapter 7
    • Chapter 8
    • Chapter 9
    • Chapter 10
  3. Shaw – Saint Joan

Year 7:

  1. Weber – Essays in Sociology (Part 3)
  2. Proust – Swann in Love
  3. Brecht – Mother Courage and Her Children

Year 8:

  1. Barth – The Word of God and the Word of Man
    • Part 1
    • Part 2
    • Part 3
    • Part 4
  2. Bergson – An Introduction to Metaphysics
  3. Hardy – A Mathematician’s Apology
  4. Kafka – The Metamorphosis

Year 9:

  • Molière – Tartuffe
    • Act 1
    • Act 2
    • Act 3
    • Act 4
    • Act 5
  • Austen – Emma
  • Planck – Scientific Autobiography
  • Veblen – The Theory of the Leisure Class
  • Joyce – A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
  • Hemingway – The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber

Year 10:

  1. Erasmus – In Praise of Folly
  2. Huizinga – The Waning of the Middle Ages
    • Chapter 11
    • Chapter 12
    • Chapter 13
    • Chapter 14
    • Chapter 15
    • Chapter 16
    • Chapter 17
    • Chapter 18
    • Chapter 19
    • Chapter 20
    • Chapter 21
    • Chapter 22
    • Chapter 23
  3. Eddington – The Expanding Universe
  4. Eliot – The Waste Land