Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 3 – The March to Kurdestan

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 3 – The March to Kurdestan Chapter 1 – Xenophon Takes the Initiative With generals & captains either caught or killed, the Greeks were leaderless & without hope of getting supplies.,1000 miles from home & surrounded by hostile troops & people If they fought & won, they… Read more Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 3 – The March to Kurdestan

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 2 – The Greeks are Isolated

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 2 – The Greeks are Isolated Chapter 1 – The King’s Messenger The Greek generals met up with no clue where Cyrus was & nobody to tell them. They decided to pack up & move toward where they thought he’d end up Finally, they were told… Read more Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 2 – The Greeks are Isolated

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 1 – The Attempt of Cyrus

The Persian Expedition (Anabasis) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 1 – The Attempt of Cyrus Chapter 1 – Cyrus Builds Up His Army Darius & Parysatis’s sons (1- Artaxerxes, 2 – Cyrus) Darius was dying & Cyrus had to be sent for. He came with Persian friend, Tissaphernes & Greek underling Xenias with 300 Hoplites Darius… Read more Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 1 – The Attempt of Cyrus

“The American Crisis 13” by Thomas Paine (April 1783)

“The American Crisis 13” by Thomas Paine (April 1783) “The times that tried men’s souls, are over and the greatest and completest revolution the world ever knew, gloriously and happily accomplished.” It’s very strange to go from the danger & tumult of war to the safety & tranquility of peace Let’s reflect on the transition… Read more “The American Crisis 13” by Thomas Paine (April 1783)

“The American Crisis 1” by Thomas Paine (December 1776)

“The American Crisis 1” by Thomas Paine (December 1776) “These are the times that try men’s souls…” The summer soldier & sunshine patriot won’t be doing too much now but those who continue to fight this winter are the real heroes Tyranny isn’t easy to shove off but it’ll be worth it in the end… Read more “The American Crisis 1” by Thomas Paine (December 1776)

“Common Sense” by Thomas Paine (1776)

“Common Sense” by Thomas Paine (1776) Chapter 1 – Of the origin and design of government in general, with concise remarks on the English Constitution Society produced by our wants, promotes our happiness positively by uniting our affections. encourages intercourse, a patron & a blessing Government produced by wickedness, promotes our happiness negatively by restraining… Read more “Common Sense” by Thomas Paine (1776)

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-170] After they conquered Lydia, the Persians received ambassadors from the Ionians and Aeolians asking to be lieges just as they had been with Croesus. He responded that they hadn’t submitted before the war with Lydia and were only fence-sitters… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VI – Harpagus Convinces Cyrus to Take Over Media [123-130]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VI – Harpagus Convinces Cyrus to Take Over Media [123-130] When Cyrus had grown up, Harpagus, looking for revenge, visited him to ask for help. He convinced Median nobles that Astyages was cruel and needed to go. But the road to Persia was guided. He put a… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VI – Harpagus Convinces Cyrus to Take Over Media [123-130]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122] A – Astyages has a Dream [107-113] Astyages was next on the throne. He had a dream about his daughter, Mandané, where a flood of water flowed from her that drowned the capital and all of Asia. This scared him so… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106] A – Beginnings of Persia were in the Medes [95-102] On to Cyrus and the Persians… the Assyrians were in Upper Asia for 520 years, when Medes revolted and got their freedom. They had democracies for a short while but turned to… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” III – Croesus Turns Toward Persia [71-94]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” III – Croesus Turns Toward Persia [71-94] A – Croesus Looks to Expand [71-77] Croesus read the Oracle’s words wrongly and led armies into Cappadocia (Syria), expecting to defeat Persia. A Lydian man, Sandania, told Croesus – You’re about to fight people who eat only what they… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” III – Croesus Turns Toward Persia [71-94]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – II – Croesus, Cyrus & the State of Affairs in Greece [45-70]

  The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” II – Croesus, Cyrus & the State of Affairs in Greece [46-70] A – Croesus wonders about Cyrus [46-56] 2 years after Atys’s death, Croesus learned that Cyrus was growing in power. He wondered what he could do about it and sent messengers to the Oracles… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – II – Croesus, Cyrus & the State of Affairs in Greece [45-70]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – I – Trojan War, Candaules & Gyges and Early Croesus Years [1-45]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” I – Trojan War, Candaules & Gyges and Early Croesus Years [1-45] A – Kidnappings and War [1-5] Kidnappings of Io, Medea, Europé and Helen – The Phoenicians were originally from near the Indian Ocean but moved to the Mediterranean Sea. They traded with the Greeks, especially… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – I – Trojan War, Candaules & Gyges and Early Croesus Years [1-45]

The Iliad by Homer – Book 24

The Iliad by Homer – Book 24 After the games, the men went back to their ships and ate. Achilles returned his thoughts to Patroclus. He cheered himself up by dragging Hector’s body around. Apollo wouldn’t let this disfigure the body. Most the gods hated seeing this. Apollo spoke to them – You all ought… Read more The Iliad by Homer – Book 24

The Iliad by Homer – Book 23

The Iliad by Homer – Book 23 The Greeks got back to their ships. Achilles spoke: Achilles – Let’s pay our respects to Patroclus and then eat He spoke to the body – I’ll do what I promised. I’ll feed Hector to the dogs and kill loads more Trojans He threw Hector’s body in front… Read more The Iliad by Homer – Book 23

The Iliad by Homer – Book 22

The Iliad by Homer – Book 22 Book 22 The Trojans were in the city Apollo let Achilles know he had fooled him to let the Trojans in. Hector was standing at the gate Achilles is pissed off that he’d been fooled but realizes he can’t do anything about Achilles makes for the gate. Priam… Read more The Iliad by Homer – Book 22

The Iliad by Homer – Book 21

The Iliad by Homer – Book 21 Achilles chased the Trojans to the river where they split into 2 groups 1 – went back to the city 2 – was pinned against the river where many drowned Achilles attacked and killed so many that the river turned red with the blood He caught sight of… Read more The Iliad by Homer – Book 21

The Iliad by Homer – Book 20

The Iliad by Homer – Book 20 Jove called a meeting of the Gods All right. I’m not participating in this battle anymore. Do whatever you like. Just a warning Achilles is pissed off and won’t stop until Hector’s dead and he’ll probably destroy Troy. The gods chose sides For the Greeks – Juno, Minerva,… Read more The Iliad by Homer – Book 20

The Iliad by Homer – Book 19

The Iliad by Homer – Book 19 Thetis brought him the armor at dawn. Thetis – You’ve got to stop crying like that I’ve brought you the best armor ever made. Make good use of it Achilles – I like it. I’ll wear it but I’m afraid the flies will spoil Patroclus’s body Thetis –… Read more The Iliad by Homer – Book 19

The Iliad by Homer – Book 18

The Iliad by Homer – Book 18 Antilochus was on his way to Achilles Achilles watched the battle and wondered around Achilles – The bravest Myrmidon is supposed to die. Patroclus was told not to attack the city… Antilochus arrived and told him the news that Patroclus is dead and there’s a battle of the… Read more The Iliad by Homer – Book 18