Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 17 – Sixteenth Year of the War—The Melian Conference—Fate of Melos The next summer, Alcibiades sailed with 20 ships to Argos to take suspected people from the pro-Spartan oligarchs (300 of them). The Athenians also made an expedition against theContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 16 – Feeling against Sparta in Peloponnese—League of the Mantineans, Eleans, Argives, and Athenians—Battle of Mantinea and breaking up of the League The alliance between Athens & Sparta was being disturbed by Corinth & cities in the Peloponnese, especially byContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 15 – Tenth Year of the War—Death of Cleon and Brasidas—Peace of Nicias The truce lasted until after the Pythian Games. The Athenians expelled the Delians from Delos thinking they’d been polluted by an old offense – likely due toContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 8 – Third Year of the War—Investment of Plataea—Naval Victories of Phormio—Thracian Irruption into Macedonia under Sitacles The next year, the Peloponnesians invaded Plataea instead of Attica. Archidamus camped the army in the area & was about to destroy theContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 7 – Second Year of the War—The Plague of Athens—Position and Policy of Pericles—Fall of Potidaea The next summer, the Spartans & allies sent 2/3 of their forces to invade Attica under Archidamus. They laid waste to the countryside. JustContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 6 – Beginning of the Peloponnesian War—First Invasion of Attica—Funeral Oration of Pericles The war began. All talking between the 2 sides happened through heralds. Hostilities began without intermission. The 30 year truce lasted 14 years. 6 months after theContinue Reading

Thucydides wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War. It’s a very long book going over the war between the Athens and its allies, & Sparta and its allies. It’s very detailed & some consider it the first really well written history book. Herodotus’s The Histories was obviously somewhat of a model forContinue Reading

Pausanias, betrayer of Greece  Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 5 – Second Congress at Lacedaemon – Preparations for War and Diplomatic Skirmishes – Cylon – Pausanias – Themistocles A few years after this, the affairs of Corcyra & Potidaea served as a pretext for war.Continue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 4 – From the End of the Persian to the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War – The Progress from Supremacy to Empire Athens’s power grew like this… After the Persians went home, defeat at sea & on land, the SpartanContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 3 – Congress of the Peloponnesian Confederacy at Lacedaemon The Athenians & Peloponnesians had a lot of complaints against one another. Corinth complained her colony under siege by the Athenians. The Athenians complained that the Peloponnesians were inciting revolts inContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 2 – Causes of the War – The Affair of Epidamnus – The Affair of Potidaea Epidamnus is at the entrance of the Ionic Gulf & its neighbors are the Taulantians, an Illyrian people. It was originally a colony ofContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 1 – The State of Greece from the earliest Times to the Commencement of the Peloponnesian War Thucydides began writing about the war as soon as it started, thinking people would want to know the facts. The war had allContinue Reading