Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 7 – Byzantium, Thrace & Asia Minor Chapter 1 – Trouble at Byzantium Pharnabazus sent Spartan admiral Anaxibius to transport the army across the straits to get the army out of his province. They even promised to pay the soldiers XenophonContinue Reading

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 6 – The March to the Bosporus Chapter 1 – Xenophon Refuses the Offer of the Supreme Command They lived partly on what they could buy & partly on what they could steal from the natives, the Paphlogonians. The Paphlogonians attackedContinue Reading

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 5 – The March to Paphlagonia Chapter 1 – Chirisophus Goes to Get Ships They had a meeting amongst the leaders where a few of them spoke Leon of Thurii: I know for myself & my guys, we’re tired of packingContinue Reading

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 4 – The March to the Sea Chapter 1 – The Entry into Kurdestan There was enough of the night left to cross the plain unnoticed from the summit. There, they had to pass through villages of the Carduchi, who hadContinue Reading

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 3 – The March to Kurdestan Chapter 1 – Xenophon Takes the Initiative With generals & captains either caught or killed, the Greeks were leaderless & without hope of getting supplies.,1000 miles from home & surrounded by hostile troops & people IfContinue Reading

Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 2 – The Greeks are Isolated Chapter 1 – The King’s Messenger The Greek generals met up with no clue where Cyrus was & nobody to tell them. They decided to pack up & move toward where they thought he’d endContinue Reading

The Persian Expedition (Anabasis) by Xenophon (370 BC), Book 1 – The Attempt of Cyrus Chapter 1 – Cyrus Builds Up His Army Darius & Parysatis’s sons (1- Artaxerxes, 2 – Cyrus) Darius was dying & Cyrus had to be sent for. He came with Persian friend, Tissaphernes & Greek underlingContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 13 – Employing Spies Marching an army of 100000 men 300 or so miles means spending 1000 golds pieces a day These men will be away from their families & farms affecting 700000 families Armies can remain inContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 12 – Incendiary Attacks 5 types of incendiary attacks to incinerate men to incinerate provisions to incinerate supply trains to incinerate armories to incinerate formations Choice depends on the conditions at the time You must be prepared toContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 11 – Nine Terrains Different types of terrain: Dispersive terrain – when feudal lords fight in their own territory Don’t engage the enemy here Light terrain – entering into another’s territory but not deeply Don’t stop here ContentiousContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 10 – Configurations of Terrain There are 6 kinds of terrain Accessible – free to both you & the enemy. Be there before the enemy in high & sunny spots. Guard your supply lines Entangling – can beContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 9 – Maneuvering the Army Encamping the army & observing the enemy’s sights: Pass quickly over mountains & stay near valleys Camp in high places facing the sun Don’t climb mountains & hills to fight Once over aContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 8 – Nine Changes After you receive orders from the ruler. unite the army & assemble the masses, know these: Don’t camp on a difficult terrain Unite at a crossroads Don’t stay on an isolated terrain Make plansContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 6 – Vacuity & Substance Getting to the battle first to wait for the enemy’s arrival puts you at ease If you have to run far from the conflict, you’ll be tired A winner forces men to doContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 5 – Strategic Military Power If you fight with large numbers, learn to simplify things by dividing your army into a few units In order to withstand the enemy, you’ll need the orthodox & unorthodox An army smashesContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 4 – Military Disposition In the old days, to get good at war, you had to become unconquerable while waiting for the enemy to be conquerable Being unconquerable is your job Making you conquerable is the enemy’s jobContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 3 – Planning Offenses Preserving the enemy’s capital is best Destroying it is second best Preserving the enemy’s army, battalions, companies & squads is best Destroying them is second best Winning 100 battles isn’t as good as subjugatingContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 2 – Waging War Strategy to use the military In order to mobilize your troops, they have to be given attack support, provisions, money for advisers & materials Drawn-out battles, will ruin weapons & fighting strength Attacking citiesContinue Reading

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 1 – Initial Estimations Warfare is the biggest affair of the state because it is the basis of life & death, survival & extinction for a group of people – It ought to be analyzed 5 Factors toContinue Reading