“Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen” (1789)

“Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen” (1789) The Representatives of France in a National Assembly Because of past ignorance, neglect & contempt of human rights are the cause of public misfortune & corruption of government Trying to make natural & inalienable rights always in the mind of the public so that they protect them… Read more “Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen” (1789)

“Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle” by Blaise Pascal (1654)

“Treatise on Arithmetical Triangle” by Blaise Pascal (1654) +=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=  1st consequence – In every arithmetical triangle, all the cells of the first row & first column are the same as the generating cell. Each cell in the triangle is equal to the sum of the immediately preceding row & column +=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+= 2nd consequence – In… Read more “Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle” by Blaise Pascal (1654)

“What Is a Classic?” by Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (1804-1869)

“What Is a Classic?” by Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (1804-1869) It all depends… if someone I trust recommends it to me, I’ll give it a whirl – all my attention & give my honest opinion The English have been writing essays for non-personal opinions – abstract & moral – should be moderate & leisurely – not… Read more “What Is a Classic?” by Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (1804-1869)

“Pensées” by Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) Selections from Parts 9-12

VIII. The Fundamentals Of The Christian Religion 556 – Christianity looks to establish a great religion For this, man need it to explain his nature & that of the world around him Many revile it because they don’t understand it God is great, powerful & eternal but removed from Man – Deism Christianity relies on… Read more “Pensées” by Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) Selections from Parts 9-12

“Pensées” by Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) Selections from Parts 6-7

VI. The Philosophers 374 – What surprises me is that people aren’t surprised by their own weakness They are so serious & they follow their life’s path out of certainty of what reason & justice are They’re constantly deceived & they think it’s their own fault Many people glorify skeptics [which they ought to be… Read more “Pensées” by Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) Selections from Parts 6-7

“Pensées” by Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) Selections from Parts 2-5

“Pensées” by Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) I. Thoughts On Mind And On Style II. The Misery Of Man Without God 72 – Man’s Disproportion This is where innate knowledge leads us If not, there’s no truth in man If so, he’ll find a cause of humiliation Man should focus on nature & not small & unimportant… Read more “Pensées” by Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) Selections from Parts 2-5

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 8) (1835)

Chapter 8: What Tempers the Tyranny of the Majority in the United States I – Absence of Administrative Centralization 2 types of centralization – government & administrative Only government centralization in the US If directing power had both, there’s be no freedom because it have the right to command, & the faculty & habit to… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 8) (1835)

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 7)

Chapter 7: The Omnipotence of the Majority in the United States and Its Effects Democratic government’s essence is absolute sovereignty of the will of the majority Legislature is chose to represent the majority directly for short terms – almost all government power is here Laws weaken the executive to the point where it has no… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 7)