Disposition of the Biennial Act 1737 The Biennial Act of Carolina referring the biennial meeting of Assemblies & regulation of elections & members. It seems that these assemblies have powers that the Crown never gave to them. The power to convene Parliaments is the exclusive privilege of the Crown &Continue Reading

The Petition of London Merchants to Parliament, 11 February 1741 Many London merchants on behalf of others, as well as inhabitants of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, have sent a petition to the House. While the crown & Parliament have been exerting their authority with respect to the Massachusetts & otherContinue Reading

[Anonymous], A Letter to the Merchant in London to Whom is Directed a Printed Letter Relating to the Manufactory Undertaking, 27 February 1740 In response to Dr. Douglass’s letter – it’s amazing the lengths that some will go to to make the Manufacturing scheme to look as bad as possibleContinue Reading

[Dr. William Douglass], A Letter to Merchant in London Concerning a Late Combination in the Province of Massachusetts Bay… to Impose or Force a Private-Currency Called Land-Bank Money, 21 February, 1740 I wish to address the proposal of creating a “Land-Bank” money/currency. The House & the Governor have come outContinue Reading

Lieutenant-Governor Spotswood and the Internal Regulation of Tobacco, 29 December 1713 I last gave you some of the steps we’ve taken to prevent tobacco fraud. But now we have to talk about why the tobacco industry has been mismanaged. A lot of people are just going into the business toContinue Reading

Royal Instructions to the Governors of the Colonies Forbidding Alteration in Representation, 24 July 1767 Instructions to all governors of British colonies in the New World: Many laws have been passed in various colonies where districts have been authorized to send representatives to the local assemblies. The King requires thatContinue Reading

Samuel Davies, Letter to Reverend Doctor Doddridge, 2 October 1750 The Church of England was established in the colony of Virginia from the beginning & there weren’t more than 4 or 5 dissenters within 100 miles until a few years ago. Religion was loose & not very strict in Virginia.Continue Reading

Roger Williams – The Bloody Tenent, Yet More Bloody, 1650 I have to declare before God, angels & men that the tenet of persecution for the cause of conscience to a terrible thing. It is blasphemous against the God of Peace who made all mankind of one blood to dwellContinue Reading

Roger Williams – The Bloody Tenet, 1644 The blood of 100000 Catholics & Protestants has been spilled in the Wars of Religion in Europe – all for their religious beliefs & consciences. This is not something Jesus wanted. The Bible clearly comes out against all of this violence over religion.Continue Reading

John Cotton – Certain Proposals Made by Lord Say, Lord Brooke, and Other Persons of Quality, as Conditions of Their Removing to New England, with Answers Thereto, 1636 Demand – Lord Say & others who have poured a ton of money into New England ought to be allowed to keepContinue Reading

Of Death – Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Men fear death like kids fear the dark Natural fear of the dark is increased by tales & so is fear of death The contemplation of death is holy & religious but the fear of it is weakness In religion, there’s often aContinue Reading

Of Discourse by Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Some people would rather be known as being witty & being able to hold an argument than to be known for judgment & being able to discern truth. As if it were higher praise to be said to know what to say ratherContinue Reading

“On Liberty” (1859), Chapter 5: Applications, by John Stuart Mill We’ve laid out the principles so we can discuss their applications in government & morals. This is to bring the meaning & limits of 2 doctrines into greater clarity 1 – The individual is not accountable to society if hisContinue Reading

Of Adversity – Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) In a speech, Seneca said – the good things which belong to prosperity are to be wished but the good things that belong to adversity are to be admired If miracles are command over nature, they definitely appear in adversity In another speech,Continue Reading

Adam Smith, “Conclusion of the Mercantile System” from “The Wealth of Nations” (Book 4, Chapter 7), 1776 The mercantile system encourages exportation but discourages importation but changes things around when it comes to commodities It claims to have the goal of enriching the empire through an advantageous balance of tradeContinue Reading

Petition of the Merchants of London to Parliament, 1751 [Note – The Currencies Act of 1751 prohibited the New England colonies from printing their own paper currency & required them to reduce what was already in the system. By 1764, this was required of all American colonies] Merchants of LondonContinue Reading

Dr. William Douglass – A Discourse Concerning the Currencies of the British Plantations in America, 1740 There have been a lot of proposals to introduce enormous quantities of money into the economy. Mr Franklin addresses this in regard to the public well-being, most of which were not previously discussed WhileContinue Reading

Benjamin Franklin, A Modest Enquiry into the Nature and Necessity of Paper Currency, 1729 Knowing the true interests of your country is very important but doing so is far too abstruse & intricate to do with any degree of competence. This is why it’s generally a neglected practice People oftenContinue Reading

Reason Against a General Prohibition of the Iron Manufacture in His Majesty’s Plantations, c. 1750 [Note – The Iron Act included a clause that prohibited the colonists from making finished iron products for their fellow colonies. It’s not clear is colonists honored that clause] If the Iron Act’s clause wereContinue Reading

“On Liberty” (1859), Chapter 4: Of the Limits to the Authority of Society over the Individuals, by John Stuart Mill What is the limit of sovereignty of an individual over himself? Where does the authority begin? Individuality should involve the arena of life where the individual is mostly concerned. SocietyContinue Reading