Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,14 January 1638

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,14 January 1638 The People of Windsor, Hartford, & Wethersfield near the Connecticut River wish to establish a peaceful union in an orderly government according to God & to deal with the people’s affairs in a public state or commonwealth in order to maintain the liberty & purity of the gospel, the… Read more Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,14 January 1638

Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629

Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629 The governor, company & their successors agree that from now on, there’ll be one governor, one deputy governor & 18 assistants to be chosen from the freemen within the company This election will order general business & affairs of the territory under its charter granted by the Crown The first… Read more Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629

An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England for a Council of State and General Assembly (24 July 1621)

An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England for a Council of State and General Assembly (24 July 1621) We’re trying to establish self-government in Virginia to help the people here to address injustice, grievances & oppression – or to avoid them by establishing supreme councils to assist the governor & increase strength,… Read more An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England for a Council of State and General Assembly (24 July 1621)

The Third Virginia Charter (1612)

The Third Virginia Charter (1612) King James offers a charter to adventurous subjects in the colony of Virginia, to push Christianity, civilization & to make money. These settlers should form a body politic with the cooperation of the Virginia Company We grant letters patents to settlers between Virginia in Cape/Point Comfort & sea coasts northward… Read more The Third Virginia Charter (1612)

The King Overrides Virginia’s Objections to the Grant Given Lord Baltimore (1629-1633)

The King Overrides Virginia’s Objections to the Grant Given Lord Baltimore (1629-1633) July 3, 1633 – to Lords Commissioners for Foreign Plantation Virginia planters object to a grant given to others reapportioning their lands, which may create problems with trade, government, etc. Lord Baltimore was one of the grantees. Baltimore & Virginia planters need to… Read more The King Overrides Virginia’s Objections to the Grant Given Lord Baltimore (1629-1633)

Disagreements With the Virginia Company (1623)

Disagreements With the Virginia Company (1623) There’s been talk among the farmers, sea captains, sailors & others in Virginia & there have been many concerns. Some of them are brought up here, coupled with some answers from the “company men”. This was sent off the to company HQ back in England 1 – Plantations were… Read more Disagreements With the Virginia Company (1623)

Letters from Don Pedro de Zuniga, the Spanish Ambassador to England, to the King of Spain, 1607

Letters from Don Pedro de Zuniga, the Spanish Ambassador to England, to the King of Spain, 1607 September 22: There was a ship going from Plymouth to Virginia that has returned & is planning to go back with more farmers & merchants wishing to set up shop It’s a good site for privateers to attack… Read more Letters from Don Pedro de Zuniga, the Spanish Ambassador to England, to the King of Spain, 1607

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput (Ch. 5-8)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput (Ch. 5-8) Chapter 5 Blefuscu was an island across an 800 yard channel from Lilliput They didn’t know about Gulliver. Communication & trade had been cut off since the beginning of the war He came up with a plan to capture their… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput (Ch. 5-8)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput (Ch. 1-4)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput (Ch. 1-4) Advertisement Many things in this book have been fudged before publication & the editor’s done its best to clear them up This person who did this did so with the best of intentions, especially with respect to references of the… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput (Ch. 1-4)

“On Swift” by William Hazlitt (1778-1830)

“On Swift” by William Hazlitt (1778-1830) Swift’s ability as a poet is often overlooked because of his ability to write prose If he had never written “Tale of a Tub” or “Gulliver’s Travels”, he’d still be known as a poet Dry humor, agreeable morality, exquisite tone of irony, touching pathos blended with satire “Description of… Read more “On Swift” by William Hazlitt (1778-1830)

“An Essay on Modern Education” by Jonathan Swift (c. 1720)

“An Essay on Modern Education” by Jonathan Swift (c. 1720) After a lot careful reflection, I’ve come to conclusion that the wealthier you are, the worse your education is & if the whole world were under just one king, his son would be the dumbest person to have ever lived It wasn’t always this way… Read more “An Essay on Modern Education” by Jonathan Swift (c. 1720)

Richard Hakluyt – Discourse of Western Planting, 1584

Richard Hakluyt – Discourse of Western Planting, 1584 Western discovery will allow the spread of English Protestantism The Spanish have been harassing our sailor & forcing them to renounce Protestantism in favor of Catholicism Exploration & colonization will give us access to all commodities of Europe, Africa & Asia to make us richer This will… Read more Richard Hakluyt – Discourse of Western Planting, 1584

English Bill of Rights (1689)

English Bill of Rights (1689) The lords & common at Westminster represent all the people in the country & met on 2/13/1688 (Unfortunately, that was a Friday) presenting to King William & Queen Mary a declaration The late & not so great James II tried to get rid of Protestantism & our nation’s laws &… Read more English Bill of Rights (1689)

“Areopagitica” by John Milton (1644)

  “Areopagitica” by John Milton (1644) Euripides – liberty is when free men can advise the public freely. Those who can & do do this are to be praised. Those who can’t or won’t, can shut up. What can be better for the country than this? Now those who want to advise the public are… Read more “Areopagitica” by John Milton (1644)

“Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Chapter 12 – Chapter 16

“Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Chapter 12 – Chapter 16 Chapter 12 – Of Religion Religion is purely from man 1 – Because man is the only one to look for the causes of events as well as why things turn out well or badly 2 – Anything with a beginning had… Read more “Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Chapter 12 – Chapter 16

“Of Studies” by Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

“Of Studies” by Francis Bacon (1561–1626) Studies are for 3 different purposes Delight – in privateness &retiring Ornament – in discourse Ability – in the judgment & disposition of business Expert men can execute & judge particulars – but generally speaking, the best advice & plans come from learned men Spending too much time with… Read more “Of Studies” by Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

“Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Chapter 6 – Chapter 11

“Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Chapter 6 – Chapter 11 Chapter 6 – Of the Interior Beginnings of Voluntary Motions, Commonly Called the Passions; and the Speeches by Which They Are Expressed 2 types of motion Vital/involuntary – breathing, blood circulation, organs working, metabolic functions, etc. Don’t need imagination or will Animal/voluntary… Read more “Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Chapter 6 – Chapter 11

“Of Beauty” by Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

“Of Beauty” by Francis Bacon (1561–1626) Virtue looks best in a nice body, not too delicate, but dignified in presence rather than aspect Virtue is more in practice than in great spirit There are many famous men held in high regard but also very good-looking: Augustus, Philip le Bel, Edward IV, etc. Beauty of favor… Read more “Of Beauty” by Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

“Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Introduction to Chapter 5

“Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) Introduction Nature can create things through man If life is but the moving of limbs, everything that comes as a consequence is artificial life Even further than man’s physical creations is the Leviathan of State – greater than a state of nature It provides an artificial being that… Read more “Leviathan Book 1” by Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Introduction to Chapter 5

“The Art of Life” by Walter Horatio Pater (1839-1894)

“The Art of Life” by Walter Horatio Pater (1839-1894) We tend to think of things & principles as inconstant modes & fashions Let’s examine physical life… Look at the floods of summer rain We don’t see anything but a combination of elements from the periodic table They’re in our bodies as well as outside of… Read more “The Art of Life” by Walter Horatio Pater (1839-1894)