Aristotle – Politics Book 6 Ch. 1 We need to discuss mods of organization & advantages to each form of government. We also need to consider the possible combinations. Some make democracies more oligarchical & some make oligarchies more democratic. The combinations will be in deliberation, election of officers &Continue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 5 Ch. 1 Let’s look at the causes of revolution, their nature, what they devolve into & how to preserve – that may change based on the form of government. Democracy arises from the idea that those who are equal are equal in everything. Those whoContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 3 Ch. 1 All arts & sciences that encompass an entire subject don’t come into being in fragments. These arts & sciences consider the entirety of the field. g. In gymnastics, they think not only about different types of training for different bodies but what theContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 3 Ch. 1 What is a state? Some say that a state does something but others say that it’s the tyrant or an oligarchy doing it. The legislator or statesman is entirely concerned with the state. The state is a composite of the citizens who composeContinue Reading

Aristotle – On Interpretation We need to understand terms like “noun” & “verb” then “negation”, “affirmation”, preposition” & “sentence”. Spoken words are symbols of mental experiences & written words are symbols of spoken words. We don’t all have the same writing or the same sounds but our mental experiences areContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 10” by Aristotle (349 BC) Ch. 1 Let’s discuss pleasure Very important in education to steer between pleasure & pain to enjoy what we ought to & hate what we ought to ensure one’s virtue of character Some say pleasure’s good & some say it’s bad, or thatContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 9” by Aristotle (349 BC) Ch. 1 Relationships between unequals get compensated in one way or another to preserve the relationship Craftsmen receive money for their work in proportion to its value to the buyer & seller Lovers complain that love isn’t returned equally or that the amountContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 8” by Aristotle (349 BC) Ch. 1 Friendship is an indispensable requirement for life Rich & powerful men need them for an outlet for beneficence to safeguard prosperity It’s poor men’s only resource The young need it to stop themselves from doing stupid things The old need itContinue Reading

  “Ethics Book 7” by Aristotle (349 BC) Ch. 1 Let’s talk about 3 moral character types to avoid & their opposites AVOID: Vice, unrestraint & bestiality/brutality WANT: Virtue, restraint & heroic/divine goodness It’s beyond human quality to make a man godlike in virtue Virtue doesn’t exist in gods becauseContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 6” by Aristotle (349 BC) Ch. 1 It’s right to choose the mean & avoid excess & deficiency With all virtues, there’s a mark to aim for & this requires conformity with the right principle [It’s nothing new to say that] We know the truth of that statementContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 5” by Aristotle (349 BC) Ch. 1 Need to find the mean between Justice & Injustice Definition – moral disposition that renders men able to do just thing & to want just things (Injustice is the opposite) Not the same as with Science where there are always oppositesContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)   Ch. 1 Liberality – in giving & getting wealth, especially giving The virtue is the mean between prodigality & meanness Prodigality – unrestrained, squandering of money usually on debauchery Combination of vices but particularly in wasting one’s own substance – ruining yourselfContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 3” by Aristotle (349 BC)   Ch. 1 Virtue refers to emotion & action Since praise & blame are only given for voluntary actions, what are they? What are involuntary actions? Either out of compulsion or ignorance Must originate outside of the agent & he must contribute nothingContinue Reading

“Ethics Book 2” by Aristotle (349 BC) Ch. 1 Virtue has 2 kinds: intellectual & moral Intellectual – created & increased by instructed which requires time & experience Moral & Ethical – product of habit [ethos] no moral virtues are given at birth by nature – no natural property canContinue Reading

“Poetics” by Aristotle 1 Trying to tackle poetry, variations – giving the the essentials, structure of plot & parts of a good poem, etc. Epics, tragedies, comedies, dithryambic poetry, flute & lyre music & all forms of imitation differences – medium, objects & manner of imitation People imitate, either consciouslyContinue Reading

“Politics Book I” by Aristotle (Notes) 1. The state is a sort community and is set up to achieve some sort of good. That’s the nature of mankind – to achieve what they think is good. Since a community is made of many men, their good must be higher thanContinue Reading

1. Everything and every activity has a point to it. The purpose of building a ship is to have built a ship. But this purpose has purposes beyond it. Having a ship built has military purposes as well as fishing purposes or trade purposes. There’s almost nothing around that standsContinue Reading