The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216] After conquering Babylon made for the Massagetae eastward beyond the River Araxes. The Araxes is about the size of the Danube with fairly large islands. Their inhabitants mostly ate roots and treeContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200] A – Background on Babylon [177-187] Cyrus took care of the upper regions himself. He began with the Assyrians. The Assyrians had Babylon, stronger than Nineveh, which had already been taken by the Persians. BabylonContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-170] After they conquered Lydia, the Persians received ambassadors from the Ionians and Aeolians asking to be lieges just as they had been with Croesus. He responded that they hadn’t submitted before the war withContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VII – Persian Culture [131-140] No images of gods, no temples, no altars, all of which seemed silly to them. They didn’t think the gods have the same traits and nature as humans. Many gods they had were given to them fromContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VI – Harpagus Convinces Cyrus to Take Over Media [123-130] When Cyrus had grown up, Harpagus, looking for revenge, visited him to ask for help. He convinced Median nobles that Astyages was cruel and needed to go. But the road to PersiaContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122] A – Astyages has a Dream [107-113] Astyages was next on the throne. He had a dream about his daughter, Mandané, where a flood of water flowed from her that drowned the capital and all ofContinue Reading

“The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire” Chapter 16 by Edward Gibbon The Conduct of the Roman Government Towards the Christians From the Reign of Nero to that of Constantine Christianity persecuted by the Roman Emperors – We don’t know why non-believers were so anti-Christian. But in the 80Continue Reading

The progress of Christian religion and the sentiments, manners, numbers and conditions of the primitive Christians Christianity is an essential part of Roman history because of its infiltration into Roman politics and power. Difficulties in inquiry Scanty and suspicious documents of church history make study of facts difficult. Must revealContinue Reading