“Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)

“Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)   Ch. 1 Liberality – in giving & getting wealth, especially giving The virtue is the mean between prodigality & meanness Prodigality – unrestrained, squandering of money usually on debauchery Combination of vices but particularly in wasting one’s own substance – ruining yourself by your own agency Riches… Read more “Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)

“Poetics” by Aristotle

“Poetics” by Aristotle 1 Trying to tackle poetry, variations – giving the the essentials, structure of plot & parts of a good poem, etc. Epics, tragedies, comedies, dithryambic poetry, flute & lyre music & all forms of imitation differences – medium, objects & manner of imitation People imitate, either consciously or unconsciously, through color, form,… Read more “Poetics” by Aristotle

“Meno” by Plato

“Meno” by Plato Meno was a young, rich nobleman from Thessaly Anytos was an Athenian politician, later accuser at Socrates’s trial   Meno – Can virtue be taught? Does it come by practice? If neither, do you get it through nature or another way? Socrates – I’ve always thought people from your neck of the… Read more “Meno” by Plato

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-170] After they conquered Lydia, the Persians received ambassadors from the Ionians and Aeolians asking to be lieges just as they had been with Croesus. He responded that they hadn’t submitted before the war with Lydia and were only fence-sitters… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106] A – Beginnings of Persia were in the Medes [95-102] On to Cyrus and the Persians… the Assyrians were in Upper Asia for 520 years, when Medes revolted and got their freedom. They had democracies for a short while but turned to… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106]