“The American Crisis 13” by Thomas Paine (April 1783)

“The American Crisis 13” by Thomas Paine (April 1783) “The times that tried men’s souls, are over and the greatest and completest revolution the world ever knew, gloriously and happily accomplished.” It’s very strange to go from the danger & tumult of war to the safety & tranquility of peace Let’s reflect on the transition… Read more “The American Crisis 13” by Thomas Paine (April 1783)

“Common Sense” by Thomas Paine (1776)

“Common Sense” by Thomas Paine (1776) Chapter 1 – Of the origin and design of government in general, with concise remarks on the English Constitution Society produced by our wants, promotes our happiness positively by uniting our affections. encourages intercourse, a patron & a blessing Government produced by wickedness, promotes our happiness negatively by restraining… Read more “Common Sense” by Thomas Paine (1776)

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 8) (1835)

Chapter 8: What Tempers the Tyranny of the Majority in the United States I – Absence of Administrative Centralization 2 types of centralization – government & administrative Only government centralization in the US If directing power had both, there’s be no freedom because it have the right to command, & the faculty & habit to… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 8) (1835)

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 7)

Chapter 7: The Omnipotence of the Majority in the United States and Its Effects Democratic government’s essence is absolute sovereignty of the will of the majority Legislature is chose to represent the majority directly for short terms – almost all government power is here Laws weaken the executive to the point where it has no… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 7)

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 6) (1835)

Chapter 6: The Real Advantages Derived by American Society From Democratic Government I – The General Tendency of Laws Under the Sway of American Democracy and the Instincts of Those Who Apply Them defects of Democracy are obvious but the benefits are only seen in the long run laws can be defective & incomplete most… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 6) (1835)

Articles of Confederation (1777-1781)

Articles of Confederation (1777-1781) Preamble and Article 1 New Hampshire, Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia are now a union called the United States of America Article 2 Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, independence, power and jurisdiction if… Read more Articles of Confederation (1777-1781)