The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122] A – Astyages has a Dream [107-113] Astyages was next on the throne. He had a dream about his daughter, Mandané, where a flood of water flowed from her that drowned the capital and all ofContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106] A – Beginnings of Persia were in the Medes [95-102] On to Cyrus and the Persians… the Assyrians were in Upper Asia for 520 years, when Medes revolted and got their freedom. They had democracies for aContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” III – Croesus Turns Toward Persia [71-94] A – Croesus Looks to Expand [71-77] Croesus read the Oracle’s words wrongly and led armies into Cappadocia (Syria), expecting to defeat Persia. A Lydian man, Sandania, told Croesus – You’re about to fight peopleContinue Reading

  The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” II – Croesus, Cyrus & the State of Affairs in Greece [46-70] A – Croesus wonders about Cyrus [46-56] 2 years after Atys’s death, Croesus learned that Cyrus was growing in power. He wondered what he could do about it andContinue Reading

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” I – Trojan War, Candaules & Gyges and Early Croesus Years [1-45] A – Kidnappings and War [1-5] Kidnappings of Io, Medea, Europé and Helen – The Phoenicians were originally from near the Indian Ocean but moved to the Mediterranean Sea. TheyContinue Reading

The Theban Plays by Sophocles – Part 3 – “Antigone” The Theban Plays by Sophocles – Part 3 – “Antigone” [At the Royal Palace] Antigone – Ismene, what’s the latest in father’s curse? I haven’t really had much trouble. But there’s been an edict issued. Ismene – Nothing since ourContinue Reading

The Theban Plays by Sophocles – Part 2 – “Oedipus at Colonus” [At Colonus ~ 1 mile NW of Athens in a grove sacred to the Furies. Enter Oedipus and daughter, Antigone] Oedipus – Where are we? Can you see if there’s somewhere to rest? Maybe someone can tell usContinue Reading

Oedipus the King – Sophocles [At the Royal Palace with Priest, Oedipus and suppliants with suppliant branches] Oedipus – What’s with all the branches, incense and sickness? Fill me in, Priest Priest – There’s a plague. The people are sick. The plants and animals are all dying. Please, do somethingContinue Reading

The Oresteia by Aeschylus – Part 3 – “The Eumenides” [At Delphi in front of Apollo’s Temple] Prophetess – This temple has had so many seers and gods to help us see. I’ll see all the people in turn [Goes in and then quickly rushes out]. OH SHIT!!! What didContinue Reading

The Oresteia by Aeschylus – Part 2 – “Choephoroe (Libation Bearers)” Choephoroe (The Libation Bearers) by Aeschylus [At Agamemnon’s Tomb] [Orestes and Pylades enter] Orestes – Hermes, send my father a message [Snips a lock of his own hair]. Take this for Argos [Snips another lock]. This is for myContinue Reading

The Oresteia by Aeschylus – Part 1 – “Agamemnon”   Watchman – I’ve been watching for a beacon for the last 12 months. Some sign of goings-on in the war. Victory or defeat or the arrival of Agamemnon. I see a signal of victory over Troy. Agamemnon will be happyContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 24 After the games, the men went back to their ships and ate. Achilles returned his thoughts to Patroclus. He cheered himself up by dragging Hector’s body around. Apollo wouldn’t let this disfigure the body. Most the gods hated seeing this. Apollo spoke toContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 23 The Greeks got back to their ships. Achilles spoke: Achilles – Let’s pay our respects to Patroclus and then eat He spoke to the body – I’ll do what I promised. I’ll feed Hector to the dogs and kill loads more Trojans HeContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 22 Book 22 The Trojans were in the city Apollo let Achilles know he had fooled him to let the Trojans in. Hector was standing at the gate Achilles is pissed off that he’d been fooled but realizes he can’t do anything about AchillesContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 21 Achilles chased the Trojans to the river where they split into 2 groups 1 – went back to the city 2 – was pinned against the river where many drowned Achilles attacked and killed so many that the river turned red with theContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 20 Jove called a meeting of the Gods All right. I’m not participating in this battle anymore. Do whatever you like. Just a warning Achilles is pissed off and won’t stop until Hector’s dead and he’ll probably destroy Troy. The gods chose sides ForContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 19 Thetis brought him the armor at dawn. Thetis – You’ve got to stop crying like that I’ve brought you the best armor ever made. Make good use of it Achilles – I like it. I’ll wear it but I’m afraid the flies willContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 18 Antilochus was on his way to Achilles Achilles watched the battle and wondered around Achilles – The bravest Myrmidon is supposed to die. Patroclus was told not to attack the city… Antilochus arrived and told him the news that Patroclus is dead andContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 17 Menelaus was upset about Patroclus’s death. Euphorbus told him to back off because is his trophy. Menelaus threatened him because of his pride. Euphorbus – Yea, well you killed my brother and I’ll avenge his widow He threw a spear at Menelaus’s shieldContinue Reading

The Iliad by Homer – Book 16 As the fight continues, Patroclus come to Achilles in tears Achilles asks him about everything apart from the battle. Patroclus – The Greeks are losing badly. Diomed, Ulysses, Agamemnon, Eurypylus are all injured. The doctors are doing what they can but the onlyContinue Reading