“The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent” by John Erskine

Ask: “What are modern virtues?” You might answer things we like: meekness, humility, renunciation of world Would you answer, “Intelligence”? Old idea that intelligence is dangerous Anglo-Saxons have derided the idea of intelligence being important As if you have to choose between being good & intelligent As if stupidity is a cousin to morality, and… Read more “The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent” by John Erskine

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216] After conquering Babylon made for the Massagetae eastward beyond the River Araxes. The Araxes is about the size of the Danube with fairly large islands. Their inhabitants mostly ate roots and tree fruit. They burnt parts of… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200] A – Background on Babylon [177-187] Cyrus took care of the upper regions himself. He began with the Assyrians. The Assyrians had Babylon, stronger than Nineveh, which had already been taken by the Persians. Babylon was 15 miles x 15… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-170] After they conquered Lydia, the Persians received ambassadors from the Ionians and Aeolians asking to be lieges just as they had been with Croesus. He responded that they hadn’t submitted before the war with Lydia and were only fence-sitters… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VII – Persian Culture [131-140]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VII – Persian Culture [131-140] No images of gods, no temples, no altars, all of which seemed silly to them. They didn’t think the gods have the same traits and nature as humans. Many gods they had were given to them from Arabs and Assyrians. Persian sacrifices… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VII – Persian Culture [131-140]