“Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals” or “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals” by Immanuel Kant (1785) – Part 1

“Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals” or “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals” by Immanuel Kant (1785) – Part 1 Preface Ancient Greek Philosophy had 3 sciences: Physics, Ethics & Logic. All knowledge is either material or formal Material: considers some object. Material philosophy has to do with determinate objects & the laws they’re… Read more “Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals” or “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals” by Immanuel Kant (1785) – Part 1

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 2 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 2 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755) Part 2 The man who put up a fence around a plot of land & said “this is mine” was the founder of civil society. It should have been ignored but the natural way of life probably necessitated the… Read more “Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 2 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 1 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755) Dedication to Geneva I’m glad to be from Geneva & in this discourse I reflect on equality & inequality The best place to live is where: Society is proportionate to human limitations The sovereign & people’s interest are the same &… Read more “Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 1 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 9-12)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 9-12) Chapter 9 Gulliver was there during the council meetings which his master attended & reported to him that they debated the extermination of Yahoos The Case for Extermination: They are filthy, noisy, deformed, lazy unteachable, mischievous… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 9-12)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 5-8)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 5-8) Gulliver realized he made humans look worse than Yahoos. He had become so enamored with the Houyhnhnms in all things that he overemphasized human faults & downplayed its strengths. The master, having fully digested all of… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 5-8)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 1-4)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 1-4) Gulliver stayed at home for 5 months before leaving his pregnant wife to be a captain of a 350 ton ship. They left Portsmouth for the Canary Islands, where he hired a bunch of hands,  who… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 4: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms (Ch. 1-4)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 7-11)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib & Japan (Ch. 7-11) Chapter 7 He was dropped off in Maldonada & went to the island of Luggnagg, east of Japan. The island was in an alliance with Japan & hope to find a ride back to England… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 7-11)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 4-6)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 4-6) Chapter 4 He didn’t feel mistreated but wasn’t sad to leave. They were too absorbed in math & music, & were just generally boring. It was far too abstract & speculative. He was only able… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 4-6)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 1-3)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 1-3) Chapter 1 He’d only been home for 10 days when the Captain of a previous voyage he’d been on made him an offer for another trip that he couldn’t refuse ($$$) This time it was… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 3: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan (Ch. 1-3)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 2: A Voyage to Brobdingnag (Ch. 5-8)

“Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 2: A Voyage to Brobdingnag (Ch. 5-8) Chapter 5 One day before the dwarf left, Glumdalclitch & Gulliver were out walking under a small apple tree & the little guy shook the branches & apples the size of barrels fell. One of the hit him on the… Read more “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift (1726) – Part 2: A Voyage to Brobdingnag (Ch. 5-8)