The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 5 – Planning & Democracy A common feature of collectivist systems is the deliberate organization of society’s labors for a common social goal. Socialists complain that our present society lacks “conscious direction” towards one goal & that our activities are guidedContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 4 – The “Inevitability” of Planning Few central planners even claim that planning is desirable. Most of them just say we’re forced to do it due to technological changes that can’t be reversed or prevented. The argument has little explanation behindContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 3 – Individualism & Collectivism Socialism is used to describe ideals of social justice, greater equality, & security. It also means the method socialists wish to achieve those. Their methods are the abolition of private enterprise, private ownership of the meansContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 2 – The Great Utopia Just because most progressives are for Socialism over Liberalism doesn’t mean people have forgotten what liberal thinkers have said about Collectivism. They just don’t agree with them. Socialism was recognized early on as a threat toContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek Chapter 1 – The Abandoned Road When things go wrong we look to blame others & not ourselves. We’re sure we did our best. We put our best people on the job. Our hearts were in the right place. So, if theContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek Introduction We can learn from the past to avoid a repetition of the same process. Accidental combination of experience & interest often reveals events to one man. Moving from one country to another, one may sometimes watch similar phrases of intellectual developmentContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics Book 6 Ch. 1 We need to discuss mods of organization & advantages to each form of government. We also need to consider the possible combinations. Some make democracies more oligarchical & some make oligarchies more democratic. The combinations will be in deliberation, election of officers &Continue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 5 Ch. 1 Let’s look at the causes of revolution, their nature, what they devolve into & how to preserve – that may change based on the form of government. Democracy arises from the idea that those who are equal are equal in everything. Those whoContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 3 Ch. 1 All arts & sciences that encompass an entire subject don’t come into being in fragments. These arts & sciences consider the entirety of the field. g. In gymnastics, they think not only about different types of training for different bodies but what theContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 3 Ch. 1 What is a state? Some say that a state does something but others say that it’s the tyrant or an oligarchy doing it. The legislator or statesman is entirely concerned with the state. The state is a composite of the citizens who composeContinue Reading

Plato – Statesman Theodorus wants the Eleatic Stranger to show how the Statesman, Philosopher & Sophist are all different. Socrates allows a young Socrates “to be the interlocutor”. They start off saying that the sciences should be divided into subcategories. The sciences are divided between action-based knowledge (handicrafts, etc.) &Continue Reading

“On Liberty” (1859), Chapter 5: Applications, by John Stuart Mill We’ve laid out the principles so we can discuss their applications in government & morals. This is to bring the meaning & limits of 2 doctrines into greater clarity 1 – The individual is not accountable to society if hisContinue Reading

“On Liberty” (1859), Chapter 4: Of the Limits to the Authority of Society over the Individuals, by John Stuart Mill What is the limit of sovereignty of an individual over himself? Where does the authority begin? Individuality should involve the arena of life where the individual is mostly concerned. SocietyContinue Reading

“On Liberty” (1859), Chapter 3: Of Individuality as one of the Elements of Well-Being, by John Stuart Mill Let’s examine if the same reasons don’t require that men should be free to act upon their opinions without hindrance from fellow man, so long as it’s at their own risk &Continue Reading

“On Liberty” (1859), Chapter 1: Introduction, by John Stuart Mill Civil or Social liberty – nature of limits of power legitimately exercised over the individual’s will Struggle between liberty & authority in the past was between subjects & the government. Liberty was meant as protection against tyranny from the government.Continue Reading

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” Part 2 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755) Part 2 The man who put up a fence around a plot of land & said “this is mine” was the founder of civil society. It should have been ignored but the natural wayContinue Reading

“Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men” by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1755) Dedication to Geneva I’m glad to be from Geneva & in this discourse I reflect on equality & inequality The best place to live is where: Society is proportionate to human limitations The sovereign & people’sContinue Reading

Pigeons show what they think of the law “The Law” by Frédéric Bastiat (1850) The law has been perverted Not just derailed in its cause but applied to pursue the opposite We have been given a gift from God Life – physical, intellectual & moral He gave us faculties toContinue Reading

“The Anti-Slavery Movement and the Birth of Women’s Rights.” Chapter 2 in Women, Race and Class by Angela Davis (1983) Frederick Douglass credits women with being one of the largest proponents of the abolition of slavery He was also a prominent women’s rights advocates This led to much ridicule WomenContinue Reading