“Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)

“Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)   Ch. 1 Liberality – in giving & getting wealth, especially giving The virtue is the mean between prodigality & meanness Prodigality – unrestrained, squandering of money usually on debauchery Combination of vices but particularly in wasting one’s own substance – ruining yourself by your own agency Riches… Read more “Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)

“Poetics” by Aristotle

“Poetics” by Aristotle 1 Trying to tackle poetry, variations – giving the the essentials, structure of plot & parts of a good poem, etc. Epics, tragedies, comedies, dithryambic poetry, flute & lyre music & all forms of imitation differences – medium, objects & manner of imitation People imitate, either consciously or unconsciously, through color, form,… Read more “Poetics” by Aristotle

“Meno” by Plato

“Meno” by Plato Meno was a young, rich nobleman from Thessaly Anytos was an Athenian politician, later accuser at Socrates’s trial   Meno – Can virtue be taught? Does it come by practice? If neither, do you get it through nature or another way? Socrates – I’ve always thought people from your neck of the… Read more “Meno” by Plato

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216] After conquering Babylon made for the Massagetae eastward beyond the River Araxes. The Araxes is about the size of the Danube with fairly large islands. Their inhabitants mostly ate roots and tree fruit. They burnt parts of… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200] A – Background on Babylon [177-187] Cyrus took care of the upper regions himself. He began with the Assyrians. The Assyrians had Babylon, stronger than Nineveh, which had already been taken by the Persians. Babylon was 15 miles x 15… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200]