“Women’s Cause is One and Universal” by Anna Julia Cooper (1893)

“Women’s Cause is One and Universal” by Anna Julia Cooper (1893)

  • The best that civilization has to offer can’t be improvised or developed overnight. It takes generations
    • The history of black women’s struggles is heroic, against the odds & largely unwritten
    • Mothers suffered for their children & fought as hard as they could
    • Most of them were not heroines (that’s true of any race)
    • But most impressive was their ability to maintain ideals of womanhood under the chains of servitude
  • At least the white woman could ask for emancipation
    • Black women were doubly enslaved – they could struggle but had to remain silent
    • Southern black women are tied to the land they & their family have worked for generations
  • The emancipation movement wasn’t clearly headed in any particular direction
    • Who knows what points to emphasize?
      • Education? Wealth? Civil Rights? Recognition? We had none of those
      • Reliance on God helped guide us & gave us confidence
  • Schools were built, training & industrial school were established through black energy. Almost all were co-ed because of limited funding
    • The former slave mother was still on the sidelines while the men & children went to work & to schools
    • Within 30 years, 2500 school popped up with 2.5 million black students attending them
      • They’re even going to universities & to schools abroad
  • Benevolent organizations are growing throughout the country, raising money to expand the growth
  • Let’s stand in solidarity of humanity & against injustice of all favoritisms (race, sex, country, condition)
    • But we’re only as strong as the weakest link
    • When we go home from this conference, let’s make it our top priority to push for those who haven’t been making strides yet
      • They symbolize the fact that the Constitution & “Rights” still have a lot to answer for

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