The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 8 – Nine Changes

The Art of War – Sun Tzu (5th Century BC) – Chapter 8 – Nine Changes

  • After you receive orders from the ruler. unite the army & assemble the masses, know these:
    • Don’t camp on a difficult terrain
    • Unite at a crossroads
    • Don’t stay on an isolated terrain
    • Make plans for an encircled terrain
    • Learn how to fight in a bad position
    • Some roads are not to be taken
    • Some armies must not be attacked
    • Some positions must not be contested
    • Some orders must not be followex
      • Know the advantages of tactic variation & you’ll be able to handle your troops
      • If you don’t understand these, your knowledge of terrain won’t be of any use to you
  • Considerations of advantages & disadvantages should be blended to make wise plans in order to succeed
    • If ready to take advantage of opportunities, you’ll be able to get out of almost any jame
    • Reduce an enemy’s danger to you by attacking, making trouble, keeping them busy, leaving bait & giving them reason to move
  • The Art of War is:
    • Not to rely on an enemy’s likelihood of coming but readiness to receive him
    • Not on the chances of him attacking but making your position unassailable
  • 5 faults of a general:
    1. Recklessness – leads to destruction
    2. Cowardice – leads to capture
    3. Nasty temper – easily provoked by insults
    4. Delicacy of honor – sensitive to shame
    5. Over-solicitude for men – exposes him to worry & trouble
      • These are ruinous to the war
      • Whenever an army is defeated, it’s because of at least 1 of these faults

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