“How Capitalism Was Built” by Anders Aslund – Chapter 2: Shock Therapy v. Gradualism

“How Capitalism Was Built” by Anders Aslund – Chapter 2: Shock Therapy versus Gradualism 28 countries totaling 400 million people were suddenly faced with a choice in political & economic systems Many intellectuals were pushing a “normal society”, meaning Western-style Democracy with a market economy, predominant private property, & rule of law East & Central… Read more “How Capitalism Was Built” by Anders Aslund – Chapter 2: Shock Therapy v. Gradualism

“Measurement” by Norman Robert Campbell (1880-1949)

“Measurement” by Norman Robert Campbell (1880-1949) Measurement is important because so many sciences are math-based & require it for measurement But explaining what it is is harder – its use, its rationale & this is an attempt at that What is measurement? wasn’t around until a high degree of civilization appeared but today we’re all… Read more “Measurement” by Norman Robert Campbell (1880-1949)

“Introduction to Arithmetic Book 2” by Nicomachus (c. 100 AD)

“Introduction to Arithmetic Book 2” by Nicomachus (c. 100 AD) An element is the smallest thing that can be analyzed letters are elements of speech & writing sounds are elements of melody 4 elements: fire, water, air & earth –> elements of the universe Equality is the elementary principle of relative numbers 1 & 2… Read more “Introduction to Arithmetic Book 2” by Nicomachus (c. 100 AD)

“How Capitalism Was Built” by Anders Aslund – Chapter 1: Communism & Its Demise

“How Capitalism Was Built” by Anders Aslund – Chapter 1: Communism & Its Demise (NOTES) Real Socialism Communist system was the most thoroughly politicized system the world has seen Political structure, undivided power or party & inter-penetration of party of party & state, suppression of all forces that depart from or oppose the party’s policy… Read more “How Capitalism Was Built” by Anders Aslund – Chapter 1: Communism & Its Demise

“Introduction to Arithmetic Book 1” by Nicomachus (c. 100 AD)

  “Introduction to Arithmetic Book 1” by Nicomachus (c. 100 AD) Ancients defined Philosophy as the love of wisdom & those who had any knowledge in a field was “wise” Pythagoras restricted the term “wise” to one who had knowledge & understanding of reality Wisdom was knowledge or science of truth in real things that… Read more “Introduction to Arithmetic Book 1” by Nicomachus (c. 100 AD)