“Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)

“Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)   Ch. 1 Liberality – in giving & getting wealth, especially giving The virtue is the mean between prodigality & meanness Prodigality – unrestrained, squandering of money usually on debauchery Combination of vices but particularly in wasting one’s own substance – ruining yourself by your own agency Riches… Read more “Ethics Book 4” by Aristotle (349 BC)

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 8) (1835)

Chapter 8: What Tempers the Tyranny of the Majority in the United States I – Absence of Administrative Centralization 2 types of centralization – government & administrative Only government centralization in the US If directing power had both, there’s be no freedom because it have the right to command, & the faculty & habit to… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 8) (1835)

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 7)

Chapter 7: The Omnipotence of the Majority in the United States and Its Effects Democratic government’s essence is absolute sovereignty of the will of the majority Legislature is chose to represent the majority directly for short terms – almost all government power is here Laws weaken the executive to the point where it has no… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 7)

“Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 6) (1835)

Chapter 6: The Real Advantages Derived by American Society From Democratic Government I – The General Tendency of Laws Under the Sway of American Democracy and the Instincts of Those Who Apply Them defects of Democracy are obvious but the benefits are only seen in the long run laws can be defective & incomplete most… Read more “Democracy in America” by Tocqueville (Book 1, Part 2, Chapter 6) (1835)

“Poetics” by Aristotle

“Poetics” by Aristotle 1 Trying to tackle poetry, variations – giving the the essentials, structure of plot & parts of a good poem, etc. Epics, tragedies, comedies, dithryambic poetry, flute & lyre music & all forms of imitation differences – medium, objects & manner of imitation People imitate, either consciously or unconsciously, through color, form,… Read more “Poetics” by Aristotle

“Meno” by Plato

“Meno” by Plato Meno was a young, rich nobleman from Thessaly Anytos was an Athenian politician, later accuser at Socrates’s trial   Meno – Can virtue be taught? Does it come by practice? If neither, do you get it through nature or another way? Socrates – I’ve always thought people from your neck of the… Read more “Meno” by Plato