The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216] After conquering Babylon made for the Massagetae eastward beyond the River Araxes. The Araxes is about the size of the Danube with fairly large islands. Their inhabitants mostly ate roots and tree fruit. They burnt parts of… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” X – Cyrus Meets His End Against the Messagetae [201-216]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200] A – Background on Babylon [177-187] Cyrus took care of the upper regions himself. He began with the Assyrians. The Assyrians had Babylon, stronger than Nineveh, which had already been taken by the Persians. Babylon was 15 miles x 15… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IX – Cyrus Moves on Babylon [177-200]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-170] After they conquered Lydia, the Persians received ambassadors from the Ionians and Aeolians asking to be lieges just as they had been with Croesus. He responded that they hadn’t submitted before the war with Lydia and were only fence-sitters… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VIII – Persia v. Ionians and Aeolians [141-176]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VII – Persian Culture [131-140]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VII – Persian Culture [131-140] No images of gods, no temples, no altars, all of which seemed silly to them. They didn’t think the gods have the same traits and nature as humans. Many gods they had were given to them from Arabs and Assyrians. Persian sacrifices… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VII – Persian Culture [131-140]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VI – Harpagus Convinces Cyrus to Take Over Media [123-130]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VI – Harpagus Convinces Cyrus to Take Over Media [123-130] When Cyrus had grown up, Harpagus, looking for revenge, visited him to ask for help. He convinced Median nobles that Astyages was cruel and needed to go. But the road to Persia was guided. He put a… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” VI – Harpagus Convinces Cyrus to Take Over Media [123-130]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122] A – Astyages has a Dream [107-113] Astyages was next on the throne. He had a dream about his daughter, Mandané, where a flood of water flowed from her that drowned the capital and all of Asia. This scared him so… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” V – Astyages & Cyrus [107-122]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106] A – Beginnings of Persia were in the Medes [95-102] On to Cyrus and the Persians… the Assyrians were in Upper Asia for 520 years, when Medes revolted and got their freedom. They had democracies for a short while but turned to… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” IV – Media Starts [95-106]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” III – Croesus Turns Toward Persia [71-94]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” III – Croesus Turns Toward Persia [71-94] A – Croesus Looks to Expand [71-77] Croesus read the Oracle’s words wrongly and led armies into Cappadocia (Syria), expecting to defeat Persia. A Lydian man, Sandania, told Croesus – You’re about to fight people who eat only what they… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” III – Croesus Turns Toward Persia [71-94]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – II – Croesus, Cyrus & the State of Affairs in Greece [45-70]

  The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” II – Croesus, Cyrus & the State of Affairs in Greece [46-70] A – Croesus wonders about Cyrus [46-56] 2 years after Atys’s death, Croesus learned that Cyrus was growing in power. He wondered what he could do about it and sent messengers to the Oracles… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – II – Croesus, Cyrus & the State of Affairs in Greece [45-70]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – I – Trojan War, Candaules & Gyges and Early Croesus Years [1-45]

The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” I – Trojan War, Candaules & Gyges and Early Croesus Years [1-45] A – Kidnappings and War [1-5] Kidnappings of Io, Medea, Europé and Helen – The Phoenicians were originally from near the Indian Ocean but moved to the Mediterranean Sea. They traded with the Greeks, especially… Read more The Histories by Herodotus – Book I, “Clio” – I – Trojan War, Candaules & Gyges and Early Croesus Years [1-45]