The Iliad by Homer – Book 16

The Iliad by Homer – Book 16

  • As the fight continues, Patroclus come to Achilles in tears
  • Achilles asks him about everything apart from the battle.
  • Patroclus – The Greeks are losing badly. Diomed, Ulysses, Agamemnon, Eurypylus are all injured. The doctors are doing what they can but the only thing that can change the course of this battle is you joining. But I can do the same if you’ll let me lead the men.
  • Achilles – Sure. The Greeks may have done me wrong but there’s no problem with you fighting. Wear my armor. I’ll let you fight the Trojans to the city walls but don’t go any further. The gods won’t be forgiving.
  • Ajax and his men can’t hold the ship anymore. It’s on fire.
  • Achilles suggests that Patroclus straps on his armor, shield and sword, get the Myrmidons and go out and fight because they haven’t seen much action. Achilles had brought 50 ships, each with 50 men and 5 captains, all of noble backgrounds
  • Achilles – Go out there and hurt some Trojans!
  • Patroclus and Automedon have a ceremonial prayer drink to Jove for help.
  • Jove heard the prayer and decided to let the Greeks push the Trojans to the city but Patroclus was not to survive it.
  • Patroclus invoked Achilles’s name to rile up his men, even insulting Agamemnon. They marched on and the Greeks fought way better. The Trojans saw Patroclus wearing Achilles’s armor and shat themselves. The Greeks drove them back from the ships before they could burn any more. They really took it to them.
  • Ajax made for Hector but it was clear that he was being protected. The Trojans hauled him away just to be 100% sure. Patroclus ordered a charge on the retreating Trojans. He went to get Hector but could never quite reach him. Many Trojans die.
  • Sarpedon doesn’t like see this and becomes determined to fight back. He goes after Patroclus.
  • Jove sees this and says to Juno
    • Jove – Looks like Patroclus is threatening to kill my son, Sarpedon. What should I do?
    • Juno – If you change the fate of a mortal, there will be nothing to stop the other gods from doing the same. Dying is an honor.
  • Sarpedon threw a spear at Patroclus and missed but killed his chariot’s horses. He tried again and missed. Patroclus threw a spear and it went right through his heart. Sarpedon asked Glaucus to avenge his death and save his armor. Patroclus pulled the spear out and made sure he was dead.
  • Glaucus was still injured from Teucer’s arrow but a quick prayer to Apollo was answered and he was able to grab Sarpedon’s armor.
  • Polydamas asked Hector to help with the body but Hector taunted the 2 Ajaxes
    • Sarpedon’s dead now. You 2 cowards can come out from hiding.
  • The Trojans got a friend of Patroclus which made him very angry. He went on a killing spree. Aeneas and Meriones did more discussing than fighting.
  • Jove was devising a way to kill Patroclus. He’d let him push Hector and friends back to the city walls for a big fight.
  • Hector hopped on his chariot and went back to the city wall.
  • Jove had Apollo wash Sarpedon’s dead body and have it brought to his home in Lycia to be buried properly.
  • Patroclus led the charge to Troy killing many men on the way.
  • Apollo met him at the city walls and warned him.
    • Apollo – Not too close. Not even Achilles can take Troy
  • Patroclus eased up.
  • Hector was behind the city wall gate when Apollo told him to get out there and fight. They went out to the field. He grabbed a rock and kill Patroclus’s charioteer, Cebriones. They fought over the body.
  • Apollo stripped Patroclus of his armor.
  • Euphorbus hit him in the back with a spear and then ran off. As Patroclus laid dying, Hector stabbed him.
  • With his last breath he insults Hector:
    • Patroclus – You’re the three on the last of those needed to kill me

 

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