Federalist No. 70 – Alexander Hamilton
- A single executive is necessary for accountability, “executive energy” and defense against legislative encroachment on his power.
- One is enough to ensure secrecy, fewer fights and allowing decisions to be made quickly.
- Congress will have time to deliberate and listen to open discussion to prevent tyranny of the majority. Its function is to pass laws and once passed. Then opposition must end.
- The Executive there to execute laws and once they’ve been passed, it’s important to start enforcing them straight away.
- War demands a strong executive because divisiveness can be a killer.
- With more than one President, (i.e. council), no one person is responsible.
- He must not be immune to censure, accountability or punishment.
- Councils often act as a cushion between kings and make it so that the people don’t matter.
- Councils are expensive to maintain à the best model is the New York state governor.