The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 5 – Planning & Democracy A common feature of collectivist systems is the deliberate organization of society’s labors for a common social goal. Socialists complain that our present society lacks “conscious direction” towards one goal & that our activities are guidedContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 4 – The “Inevitability” of Planning Few central planners even claim that planning is desirable. Most of them just say we’re forced to do it due to technological changes that can’t be reversed or prevented. The argument has little explanation behindContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 3 – Individualism & Collectivism Socialism is used to describe ideals of social justice, greater equality, & security. It also means the method socialists wish to achieve those. Their methods are the abolition of private enterprise, private ownership of the meansContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek, Chapter 2 – The Great Utopia Just because most progressives are for Socialism over Liberalism doesn’t mean people have forgotten what liberal thinkers have said about Collectivism. They just don’t agree with them. Socialism was recognized early on as a threat toContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek Chapter 1 – The Abandoned Road When things go wrong we look to blame others & not ourselves. We’re sure we did our best. We put our best people on the job. Our hearts were in the right place. So, if theContinue Reading

The Road to Serfdom (1944) – F.A. Hayek Introduction We can learn from the past to avoid a repetition of the same process. Accidental combination of experience & interest often reveals events to one man. Moving from one country to another, one may sometimes watch similar phrases of intellectual developmentContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 17 – Sixteenth Year of the War—The Melian Conference—Fate of Melos The next summer, Alcibiades sailed with 20 ships to Argos to take suspected people from the pro-Spartan oligarchs (300 of them). The Athenians also made an expedition against theContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 16 – Feeling against Sparta in Peloponnese—League of the Mantineans, Eleans, Argives, and Athenians—Battle of Mantinea and breaking up of the League The alliance between Athens & Sparta was being disturbed by Corinth & cities in the Peloponnese, especially byContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 5, Chapter 15 – Tenth Year of the War—Death of Cleon and Brasidas—Peace of Nicias The truce lasted until after the Pythian Games. The Athenians expelled the Delians from Delos thinking they’d been polluted by an old offense – likely due toContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics Book 6 Ch. 1 We need to discuss mods of organization & advantages to each form of government. We also need to consider the possible combinations. Some make democracies more oligarchical & some make oligarchies more democratic. The combinations will be in deliberation, election of officers &Continue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 5 Ch. 1 Let’s look at the causes of revolution, their nature, what they devolve into & how to preserve – that may change based on the form of government. Democracy arises from the idea that those who are equal are equal in everything. Those whoContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 3 Ch. 1 All arts & sciences that encompass an entire subject don’t come into being in fragments. These arts & sciences consider the entirety of the field. g. In gymnastics, they think not only about different types of training for different bodies but what theContinue Reading

Aristotle – Politics, Book 3 Ch. 1 What is a state? Some say that a state does something but others say that it’s the tyrant or an oligarchy doing it. The legislator or statesman is entirely concerned with the state. The state is a composite of the citizens who composeContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 8 – Third Year of the War—Investment of Plataea—Naval Victories of Phormio—Thracian Irruption into Macedonia under Sitacles The next year, the Peloponnesians invaded Plataea instead of Attica. Archidamus camped the army in the area & was about to destroy theContinue Reading

This story cracked me up. They say that humor doesn’t really translate well over the ages but this story does. Maybe it wasn’t meant to be funny but just imagine you’re trying on the “Bachelorette” and you do what this guy does. Do you think you’d win? The History byContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 7 – Second Year of the War—The Plague of Athens—Position and Policy of Pericles—Fall of Potidaea The next summer, the Spartans & allies sent 2/3 of their forces to invade Attica under Archidamus. They laid waste to the countryside. JustContinue Reading

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Chapter 6 – Beginning of the Peloponnesian War—First Invasion of Attica—Funeral Oration of Pericles The war began. All talking between the 2 sides happened through heralds. Hostilities began without intermission. The 30 year truce lasted 14 years. 6 months after theContinue Reading

Thucydides wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War. It’s a very long book going over the war between the Athens and its allies, & Sparta and its allies. It’s very detailed & some consider it the first really well written history book. Herodotus’s The Histories was obviously somewhat of a model forContinue Reading

Plato – Statesman Theodorus wants the Eleatic Stranger to show how the Statesman, Philosopher & Sophist are all different. Socrates allows a young Socrates “to be the interlocutor”. They start off saying that the sciences should be divided into subcategories. The sciences are divided between action-based knowledge (handicrafts, etc.) &Continue Reading

Pausanias, betrayer of Greece  Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 1, Chapter 5 – Second Congress at Lacedaemon – Preparations for War and Diplomatic Skirmishes – Cylon – Pausanias – Themistocles A few years after this, the affairs of Corcyra & Potidaea served as a pretext for war.Continue Reading