4.23‑31 The war against Tacfarinas finally over. More prosecutions. This was the last year of the struggles with the Numidian Tacfarinas. Former generals thought it was all over & let him roam. There were statues all over Rome celebrating his defeat but he was still at large, ravaging Africa, gettingContinue Reading

4.1‑22 Intrigues in Rome: the continued rise of Sejanus, who poisons Drusus. Prosecutions of C. Silius and others. Caius Asinius & Caius Antistius were consuls in Tiberius’s 9th year as emperor. The State & Tiberius’s house were in a state of tranquility, since he saw Germanicus’s death as a happyContinue Reading

3.56‑76 Intrigues in Rome: Tiberius against Silanus. Tacfarinas’ revolt in Numidia, continued. Tiberius got applause for trying to check against informers. He wrote to the Senate asking for tribunitian power for Drusus. This was a move that Augustus used to gain supremacy without using the name of king or dictator.Continue Reading

3.40‑55 Revolt in Gaul. Intrigues in Rome. That year, some states in Gaul attempted a revolt out of pressure of heavy debts. The biggest instigators were Julius Florus of the Treveri & Julius Sacrovir of the Aedui. They were of noble birth from ancestors who’d been given Roman citizenship outContinue Reading

3.20‑39 Roman domestic politics and legal matters. The same year, Tacfarinas, who’d been defeated by Camillus the year before, started hostilities again in Africa. At first he started with small raids so as not to get caught. Then he started attacking villages. He moved on to wholesale plunder. He wasContinue Reading

Tacitus – The Annals, Book 3: 20-22 AD – 3.1‑19 Rome after Germanicus: eulogies, intrigues, and adjustment. Without stopping in her voyage, Agrippina arrived at the island of Corcyra, facing Calabria. She went there to clear her mind. Friends & underlings flocked to Brundiusm, the logical landing point from Corcyra,Continue Reading

2.47‑88 Intrigues in Rome; Tacfarinas’ revolt in Numidia; Germanicus’ grand tour thru Asia as special foreign affairs envoy. Piso against Germanicus, and death of Germanicus, poison widely suspected. That year, 12 Asian cities were destroyed by an earthquake at night. People ran out of the cities only to be swallowedContinue Reading

2.27‑46 The opposition in Rome to Tiberius: Libo Drusus, Piso, and Asinius Gallus. At that time, Libo Drusus of the Scribonii family, was accused of scheming a revolution. Firmius Catus, a senator & friend of Libo’s, convinced him to consult with an astrologer, perform magical rites & get dreams interpreted.Continue Reading

  Tacitus – The Annals, Book 2: 16-19 AD 2.1‑26 More war in Germany. During the consulship of Sisenna Statilius Taurus & Lucius Libo, there were rumblings in the east, starting with the Parthians. They had received a foreigner king from Rome whom they didn’t want. This was despite theContinue Reading

1.72‑81 Intrigues in Rome. Triumphal honors went to Aulus Caecina, Lucius Apronius & Caius Silius for their work under Germanicus. Tiberius refused the title of “Father of the Country” even though the Senate had approved it. He felt he was already in a precarious situation, it wouldn’t be good toContinue Reading

1.55‑71 The war in Germany. Germanicus had a triump decreed for him even though the war continued. He spent most of his time preparing for the summer campaign but he made moves on the Chatti in the spring. He was hoping for a divide between 2 factions, represented by ArminiusContinue Reading

Michelle & I went to Stowe which is in the north end of Buckinghamshire. It was about 50 minutes away with a good tailwind, mostly on the M40 with some side roads that were tricky going down. They claim these roads have 2 lanes… not really, though. There were quiteContinue Reading

1.31‑54 Germanicus and the mutiny of the German legions. The legions in Germany began to mutiny even more that those in Pannonia, hoping that Germanicus Caesar wouldn’t be able to deal with another’s supremacy & surrender himself to the legions. There were 2 armies on the banks of the Rhine:Continue Reading

1.16‑30 Drusus and the mutiny of the Pannonian legions At this point, a mutiny broke out in Pannonia (a region near the Danube River). The legion under Junius Blaesus had been allowed time to mourn Augustus’s death. The men began to be demoralized, quarreled, & craved luxury & idleness. AContinue Reading

Tacitus – The Annals, Book 1: 14-15 A.D.   1.1‑15 Death and funeral of Augustus; accession of Tiberius Rome had been ruled by kings. Lucius Brutus established the consulship. There were periodic dictatorships due to crises. The decemvirs ruled for 2 years & the the consular military tribunes were short-lived.Continue Reading

Hecabe by Euripides   Setting: In front of Agamemnon’s tent on the shores of Thrace. Characters: Ghost of Polydorus, Hecabe, Polyxena, Odysseus, Talthybius, Agamemnon, Polymestor, Attendant, Chorus   Ghost: I’m Polydorus, son of Hecabe & Priam. My father sent me away when the Greeks came. I went to Thrace whereContinue Reading

  The Gospel According to John from The New Testament of the Bible Chapter 1 The Word Became Flesh In the beginning was the word. The word was God. All things were made through him. He was the light of all mankind & no darkness could overcome it. God sentContinue Reading

  Epictetus – Discourses Book 2 Chapter 1 – That confidence is not inconsistent with caution The opinion of philosophers may be a paradox. It is possible to do everything with both caution & confidence. It appears that these things can’t be combined. But if they can, how? Philosopher sayContinue Reading

Medea by Euripides Characters: Nurse, Tutor, Medea, Chorus of Corinthian Women, Creon (king of Corinth), Jason, Aegeus (king of Athens), Messenger, Medea’s 2 children Scene: in front of Jason’s house in Corinth Nurse: If only the Argo had never gone to Colchis. If only the boat had never been built.Continue Reading

Epictetus – Discourses Book 1 Chapter 1 – Of the things which are in our power & not in our power. There’s only one faculty able to contemplate itself & either approve or disapprove. Grammar tells you what words to use but it doesn’t tell you whether you should writeContinue Reading